Hestia Timeline

Hestia Timeline



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Hestia

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Hestia, in Greek religion, goddess of the hearth, daughter of Cronus and Rhea, and one of the 12 Olympian deities. When the gods Apollo and Poseidon became suitors for her hand she swore to remain a maiden forever, whereupon Zeus, the king of the gods, bestowed upon her the honour of presiding over all sacrifices.

She was worshipped chiefly as goddess of the family hearth but, as the city union was only the family union on a large scale, she had also, at least in some states, a public cult at the civic hearth in the prytaneion, or town hall. Hestia was closely connected with Zeus, god of the family in its external relation of hospitality and its internal unity. She was also associated with Hermes, the two representing domestic life on the one hand, and business and outdoor life on the other. In later philosophy Hestia became the hearth goddess of the universe.

The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica This article was most recently revised and updated by Adam Augustyn, Managing Editor, Reference Content.


Hestia (Vesta)

Hestia was the daughter of Cronus and Rhea. She was the goddess of Fire in its first application to the wants of mankind, hence she was essentially the presiding deity of the domestic hearth and the guardian spirit of man, and it was her pure and benign influence which was supposed to protect the sanctity of domestic life.

Now in these early ages the hearth was regarded as the most important and most sacred portion of the dwelling, probably because the protection of the fire was an important consideration, for if once permitted to become extinct, re-ignition was attended with extreme difficulty. In fact, the hearth was held so sacred that it constituted the sanctum of the family, for which reason it was always erected in the centre of every house. It was a few feet in height and was built of stone the fire was placed on the top of it, and served the double purpose of preparing the daily meals, and consuming the family sacrifices. Round this domestic hearth or altar were gathered the various members of the family, the head of the house occupying the place of honour nearest the hearth.

Here prayers were said and sacrifices offered, and here also every kind and loving feeling was fostered, which even extended to the hunted and guilty stranger, who, if he once succeeded in touching this sacred altar, was safe from pursuit and punishment, and was henceforth placed under the protection of the family. Any crime committed within the sacred precincts of the domestic hearth was invariably visited by death. In Grecian cities there was a common hall, called the Prytaneum, in which the members of the government had their meals at the expense of the state, and here too was the Hestia, or public hearth, with its fire, by means of which those meals were prepared.

It was customary for emigrants to take with them a portion of this sacred fire, which they jealously guarded and brought with them to their new home, where it served as a connecting link between the young Greek colony and the mother country. Hestia is generally represented standing, and in accordance with the dignity and sanctity of her character, always appears fully draped. Her countenance is distinguished by a serene gravity of expression.

Vesta occupies a distinguished place among the earlier divinities of the Romans. Her temple in Rome, containing as it were the hearthstone of the nation, stood close beside the palace of Numa Pompilius. On her altar burned the never-ceasing fire, which was tended by her priestesses, the Vestal Virgins. The temple of Vesta was circular in form, and contained that sacred and highly prized treasure the Palladium of Troy. The great festival in honour of Vesta, called the Vestalia, was celebrated on the 9th of June.


Key Facts & Information

THE GREEK MYTHOLOGY

  • There was a life where the Olympian gods and goddesses ruled Earth.
  • In Greek mythology, many different kinds of creatures are known.
  • Argus, Cerberus, Cyclopes, Minotaurs, and Sirens are some examples.
  • The gods and goddesses ruled over the land, sea, underworld, and even the past, present, and future time. They also had supremacy among the everyday practices in Greek Life. This included agriculture, love, marriage, handicraft, hunting, and many other things.

HESTIA’S FAMILY

  • Cronus – Hestia’s father was the god of time and King of the Titans. He was the supreme ruler of the Cosmos during the Golden Age. His primary symbol was the sickle.
  • Rhea – Hestia’s mother was the goddess of comfort and ease. Her symbols were the moon and two lions.
  • Hestia’s Siblings are the following: was the god of the gods and goddesses. He was the god of sky and lightning. The lightning bolt was his primary symbol. Zeus was also married to his sister, Hera. was the queen of the gods and goddesses because she was married to Zeus. Hera was the goddess of marriage. The peacock, pomegranate, lion, and cow were her symbols. was the god of the sea and earthquakes. The trident was his primary symbol.
  • Demeter was the goddess of agriculture. Her primary symbol was wheat.
  • Hades was the god of the underworld. He was married to Persephone.

THE BIRTH OF HESTIA

  • The goddess, Hestia, was the daughter of the Titans, Cronus and Rhea.
  • Zeus, Demeter, Hera, Hades, and Poseidon were her siblings. Hestia was considered to be both the eldest and youngest daughter of the Titans.
  • She was the first-born among the children. However, Cronus swallowed his children, fearing that one would have the courage to dethrone him.
  • Being the eldest, Hestia was swallowed first. Her childhood was spent inside the stomach of her father.
  • Zeus helped his siblings, and Cronus threw up his children. Being the first swallowed, Hestia was the last one to be thrown up. That is why she is said to be the eldest and youngest daughter of Cronus and Rhea.

THE IMAGE OF THE GODDESS

  • Hestia is the goddess of hearth. It was described that she sometimes stands by a large fire.
  • She is depicted as a humble, middle-aged woman. Hestia also used veils and carried a staff or flowers in her hands.

THE PROMISE OF EVERLASTING CHASTITY

  • Hestia is one of the Three Virgin Goddesses. She is next to Athena, the goddess of wisdom, and Artemis, the goddess of hunt.
  • However, Poseidon and Apollo wanted to marry her. The two Olympian gods fought over Hestia. To keep the peace between the gods and Olympus, Hestia vowed herself to eternal virginity.
  • Once, Hestia’s promise of everlasting chastity was endangered. Priapus, the god of fertility, tried to rape the virgin goddess. However, a donkey started neighing. This saved Hestia from being raped. From that day, Hestia declared the donkey as her sacred animal.

WORSHIPPING THE GODDESS

  • In every home in Greece, Hestia, the goddess of hearth, symbolizes the fire burning in the hearth.
  • Zeus granted her the hearth in every home. The first offering of every household was given to Hestia, so Hestia is the most worshipped goddess.
  • There was a temple that was built to honor the virgin goddess. Six virgins were assigned to serve inside the temple.
  • If any of the chosen virgins broke the promise of everlasting chastity, an extreme punishment was given. The punishment was to bury them alive.

THE RITUALS

  • There are some rituals that are associated with Hestia. Being the goddess of hearth, family, and home, most of the rituals are related to these things.
  • One example of the rituals is related to a newborn child. It is said that, before the newborn child can be accepted as a member of the family, the child should be carried around the hearth of the home.
  • Another ritual is about traveling. If a conqueror wanted to travel and build his city, he should take residue from his city’s heart and establish a new fire in the heart of the new city.

SIGNIFICANCE OF HESTIA

  • The Greek gods and goddesses have their counterparts in Roman mythology. The Roman counterpart of Hestia is Vesta.
  • Hestia did not have much significance in Greek Mythology. In his Iliad and Odyssey, Homer did not include Hestia. However, Apollodorus, Hesiod, and Ovid included Hestia in their works.

Hestia Worksheets

This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about the Hestia across 23 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Hestia worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about Hestia who is one of the Greek goddesses. She is the goddess of the hearth, home, family, architecture, domesticity, and state. She is sometimes considered as one of the 12 Olympian gods and goddesses. However, Hestia gave up her throne and gave it to Dionysus.

Complete List Of Included Worksheets

  • Hestia Facts
  • The Story of an Olympian
  • The Monsters’ Game
  • You As a God
  • The Better Husband
  • Finding Symbols
  • The Chaotic Olympus
  • Questions About the Gods
  • The Sacred Choice
  • All About Hestia
  • A Message from the Goddess

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Use With Any Curriculum

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52 Goddesses: The Goddess Hestia as The Keeper of the Flame

Socrates says, “Shall we then, begin with Hestia, according to custom?” His cosmological idea of the universe was that “Ten divine celestial bodies [planets] rhythmically rotated” around a Divine Fire, which was the center of the cosmos. That Divine Fire was Hestia, she was the hearth of the universe. Today we know her as the Queen of the Fire, the Goddess of hearth and home, and Keeper of the Flame.

Hestia was her Greek name, and her large round public temples mimicked the shape of the hearth and peasant huts. The temple fires were always lit so that private citizens could rekindle their home hearths. The Greeks called Her Hestia. Later the Romans would call her Vesta, with Vestal Virgins to maintain the fires.

In early Greece, Delphi was a hub of goddess energy during the Mycenaean period. Delphi was a small village whose inhabitants worshiped the Mother Goddess. Small clay goddess statues were found in dedicated sanctuaries. Delphi also had the famous “gap” in the earth, where the original oracle would sit, inhale the rising vapors, become clairvoyant, and predict the future.

Then during the Greek period, the Goddesses’ sanctuaries were built upon and taken over for the Greek god associated with the sun, Apollo. But the future would be still told by women, one of whom would become the the famed “Oracle of Delphi.” In 90 B.C. when Delphi was razed by the Thracian Maedi, the fires that had been burning uninterrupted for centuries, were extinguished.

My favorite Hestia temple is a Roman temple to Vesta in Tivoli, Italy. It is sometimes known as the Temple of the Sybil “Vesta.” This splendid temple is most elegantly built and placed. It is perched on the side of a cliff overlooking the falls of the Aniene, which cuts a gorge into the surrounding tree covered mountains. In antiquity, as the hearth of the city, it was most likely constantly lit and would have appeared like a beacon of shelter to reassure the citizens of this city.

I suppose you could say that the story of Hestia ends there. But the Queen of Fire has a past, and if we look backward in history we may find another story, how Hestia was born.

It starts in Mother Russia with the Paleolithic statues of the old women.

These figure were made, when the earth was in the midst of an Ice Age. Massive glaciers covered the northern Hemisphere and the earth’s climate was cold and dry. Nomadic groups of humans roamed along the edge of the glacier, from the Pyrenees to Siberia, hunting the woolly mammoth.

In the Russian settlements of Kostenki and Avdeevo, archaeologists had a rare opportunity to find a collection of these figures in situ, complete with contextual information. Inside their mammoth bone dwellings, ritualistically buried in storage pits, near the fire pits, were small figures of old women, their breasts and bellies sagging from child birth and age. These old women seemed to be staking their claim to hearth and home. What could be more life saving during a Paleolithic snow storm than a fire? Even though She didn’t have a name yet, Hestia was there.

The Jomon people of Early Japan had a figure of the Fire Goddess, and the Ainu’s goddess is Kamuy Fuchi, the Goddess of the hearth. Kamuy Fuchi is a woman who lives in the hearth. Her position is so important that she never leaves her home because the fire in a hearth must never be completely extinguished.

And in this century, when ethnographers began recording the culture of the Indigenous Tribes of Russia, they found that they had lived much like their Paleolithic ancestors. There was Hestia again. The Evek tribe women, shamans, were called “utagen” meaning hearth or fire women. The Tungus tribe believed that the spirit of the hearth takes the form of a clever old women, whose portrait is stored in each tent. The Somoyeds referred to the fire as “Old Grandmother Fire,” Guardian of the tent.

Hestia shows Herself again in “Old Europe,” Yugoslavia around 5500 B.C. in a ceramic piece I refer to as, “Lady of the House.” Similar shrine models were found buried under temples. Her neck, adorned with a necklace, and head become the chimney, her shoulders comprise the roof. She has literally become the Sacred Hearth/Home/Temple.

Next she shows up on the Eurasian steppes, around 600 B.C. amongst the Sarmatians who would later blend with the Scythians, and bury their dead in mounds called Kurgans. Archaeologist Jeannine Davis-Kimball found that the central burial figures often were hearth women, lending further credence to the speculations that this was a matriarchal society.

And now we are in back in Greece and Rome, with temples in her name, Hestia/Vesta, who was at the beginning and center of the human universe. But does Her journey end here? No. When the Romans tried to colonize Britain they ran head-on into the indigenous deity of the island, Brigid, Goddess of the Hearth. She has come full circle and is now one of the Neo-Pagans’ beloved Goddesses in the 20th century.

I, myself, vacillate between being an agnostic and a rabid spiritualist. But when my intelligent, scientific, rational, and scholarly inquiry consistently reveals this “archetype of the human collective unconsciousness,” I pause. I could understand how humans would identify women in their role as Keeper of the Hearth and deem it sacred. It is a natural fit. But take Demeter, in Greece, holding snakes as a regenerative symbol, and across the ocean, literally on the other side of the earth, Coatlicue the Aztec Goddess who becomes the snake, and then ask me if I believe in coincidence. That’s when I turn into a spiritualist, seeing underneath this physical facade of mater and observing the world of spiritual magic, chaos, and the unknowable. I glimpse flashes of the Divine Feminine in this world for just a nano-second. I revel in the feeling, trying to hold on to it, and then bow my head in reverence as She passes.


Hestia Greek Goddess: Role

/>Hestia was a goddess of the hearth or fireplace and was represented in every altar sacrifice and home fire. Her status directly reflects the importance of fire in a primitive culture.

However, she is a goddess that is often left out and replaced by Dionysus. Her place in the pantheon of Gods shifts a bit depending on the time period.

Since fire is a purifying element it was only natural that Hestia is pure as well. She took a vow of chastity and often is portrayed as a middle-aged woman in modest attire. The legend has it that she became a virgin to keep the peace between Apollo and Poseidon who wanted to marry her and was willing to compete for her.

The ambiguities in Hestia&rsquos mythology are matched by her indeterminate attributes, character, and iconography. She is identified with the hearth as a physical object, and the abstractions of community and domesticity, but portrayals of her are rare and seldom secure. In classical Greek art, she is occasionally depicted as a woman, simply and modestly cloaked in a head veil. She is sometimes shown with a staff in hand or by a large fire. She sat on a plain wooden throne with a white woolen cushion and did not trouble to choose an emblem for herself. In some stories, Hestia did not have a throne at all. In others, she gave up her throne for Dionysus.


Hestia, Greek Goddess of the sacred fire, was once known as "Chief of the Goddesses" and "Hestia, First and Last". She was the most influential and widely revered of the Greek goddesses.

Though the goddess Hestia was once the most important of the Greek goddesses, she (like her counterpart, the Roman goddess Vesta) is virtually unknown today. Her name means “the essence”, the true nature of things.

Scholars often refer to the goddess Hestia as "the forgotten goddess". Because of the her association with hospitality, the word Hestia can mostly be heard today used in the names of inns and restaurants, making some people wonder if “Hestia” is the name of a franchise.

Unlike the other Greek goddesses, Hestia does not have a "story" . . . there were few adventures to record about her. She simply "is".

Few images of the goddess Hestia exist. A very "private person", her symbols, the sacred flame and the circle, are usually used to represent Hestia in works of art.

Hestia's brief stories, retold here, are too scanty to instruct us. It is her traits, not her actions, that most define her. These virtues define the goddess Hestia: mild, gentle, forgiving, peaceful, serene, dignified, calm, secure, stable, welcoming, and, above all else, well-centered.

Of all the Olympian gods and goddesses, Hestia was the first born. And also the last. This takes some explaining . . .

Her parents were the Titans, Cronus and Rhea. She was their first child. But Cronus, made fearful by a prophecy that one of his children would grow up to usurp his throne, quickly swallowed the infant Hestia (as he did the brothers and sisters that followed) in order to prevent the fulfillment of the prophecy.

Later, following the birth of Zeus, the grieving goddess Rhea tricked her husband into swallowing a rock wrapped in swaddling instead of the infant, causing him to vomit up all the babies he had swallowed. First in, Hestia was the last to be disgorged.

Hence, the goddess was often called "Hestia, First and Last".

The goddess Hestia grew in grace and beauty and soon caught the attention of the gods Apollo and Poseidon who both sought her hand in marriage.

But Hestia wasn't having any of it . . . saying that Aphrodite's ways (romance and marriage) were not her ways, she placed her hand on Zeus' brow and swore an oath that she would not marry.

More than anything else, she wanted to follow a path that was true to her nature and was of her own choosing.

She didn't require the trappings of power or adventure (like Athena and Artemis, the other virgin, i.e. unmarried, goddesses). She was perfectly content and fulfilled, being "Aunt Hestia", and enjoyed being of service to her family and community.

Zeus, grateful that Hestia’s announcement had averted the possibility of war between the rival suitors, not only supported Hestia’s wish to remain single but decreed that Hestia’s name should be mentioned first in any prayer and that she should receive the first portion of any sacrifice and be honored in the temples of each of the Olympian deities.

So delighted was he with Hestia's decision, that Zeus handed her the keys to the family home (Mount Olympus) and offered her the position of manager, and with it the responsibility of running this vast estate while the rest of the gods and goddesses wandered about in the larger world having all sorts of adventures.

True to her nature, Hestia stayed at home, never leaving Mount Olympus, always there to welcome the others and enjoy their “homecomings”.

The goddess Hestia never involved herself in the fights and machinations of the other gods and goddesses, somehow managing to stay above the fray.

Non-judgmental and forgiving, her “unconditional love” and calm acceptance inspired the love and trust of others in return. Dependable and caring, Hestia was always there for them and helped them to manage their lives which were certainly more exciting than her own.

One of Hestia’s most important responsibilities as the estate-manager was as “Keeper of the Reserves”, seeing to it that all their clothing and equipment was in good repair and the pantry always full so there would be ample food and wine on hand when any of the gods and goddesses returned from their adventures.

As keeper of the key to all the supplies, Hestia efficiently managed the large household, pleasing all with her practical dependability.

One of the few myths of Hestia tells how the lustful Priapus attempted to rape her as she slept.

As he approached her bed, a donkey (long since a symbol of lust) began to bray loudly, awakening the slumbering Hestia. Her screams awoke all the other gods and goddesses and sent the embarrassed Priapus falling all over himself as he tried to flee.

Hestia is also known as the originator of the concept of “sanctuary”. It was an offense to Hestia to refuse hospitality to a stranger. That those in need were to be sheltered and protected from ill-treatment was recognized by Hestia’s followers as a sacred obligation.

Special emphasis was placed on the requirement to not “take advantage” of a female guest, presumably as a result of Hestia’s experience with Priapus.

Hestia is often spoken of in conjunction with her friend and neighbor Hermes, the god of communication and travel. They were polar opposites in terms of personality—Hestia spoke little and stayed at home, while the outgoing Hermes had the “gift of gab” and traveled to the far ends of the world.

Though a marriage of such disparate characters clearly could not have succeeded, they shared strong bonds of friendship. They are remembered together in the Homeric Hymns (edited by H.G. Evelyn-White):

”…be favorable and help us you [Hermes] and Hestia, worshipful and dear. Come and dwell in this glorious house of friendship together, for you two, well knowing the noble actions of men, aid their wisdom and strength.”

The circle symbolized Hestia (and her counterpart, the Roman Goddess Vesta) as the "complete" goddess, the goddess who was whole, "one complete within herself". Hestia was seen as, not only psychologically "centered", but also as representing the center, the center of the home and family, the city, and even the world itself.

The source of Hestia’s sacred fire was believed to be the molten lava that burns at the center of the earth, connected by an “umbilical cord” called the Oomphalos to the city of Delphi, a place of great wisdom and spiritual energy.

The town hall, a meeting place for citizens to discuss the community's affairs (a forerunner of western democracy), was built around a hearth that honored Hestia.

The living flame of Hestia was tended constantly and never allowed to die out, for it represented the energy of all life and to let the flame extinguish was to invite a cold and barren existence. When new “subdivisions” were developed, fire was carried from the town’s hearth to light the fire of the new community, assuring its prosperity.

The Olympic Torch is just one example of the living flame that has survived to modern times, though it is seldom recalled that it originally honored the Greek goddess Hestia.

The ritual of a bride and groom lighting a candle together from the flames of two candelabra to symbolize the creation of the “new” family from their two “old” families derived from the ancient practice of bringing Hestia’s flame from the bride’s mother’s home in order to assure Hestia’s blessing on the union.

Every home had a hearth that was dedicated to the goddess, and each day began and ended with a ritual requesting that she protect and nurture the family within.

As the Goddess of Architecture, Hestia intended that homes should be built from the center out, with the center being a hearth that contained her sacred flame.

As part of the naming ritual, all infants were carried in a circle around the altar of Hestia to secure her blessings. There was an altar to Hestia in the center of every home . . . it was the fireplace, the hearth, where the family gathered.

Hestia's vision of a house was that it should truly be a home, a place where one's body, spirit, and relationships would be nurtured and replenished. . . a place to "come home to" after exposure to the cold and chaos of the external world.

Hestia is associated with the warmth and comfort of the welcoming fireplace. Just as the flames glowing from the hearth soothe us with their warmth and glowing light, the goddess Hestia gives us security, peace, and comfort and helps us accept the truth of our lives with inner grace.

Goddess Symbols and Sacred Objects of Hestia

Goddess symbols, individualized for each goddess, were incorporated into the worship of the ancient goddesses, were often worn as jewelry, and also used in the household decor as talismans to seek the goddesses special gifts, blessings, or protection. A large number of goddess symbols have survived in statuary and other works of art.

Many of the goddess symbols come from the legends surrounding a specific goddess and were "characters" in her story. Other goddess symbols were derived from the rituals used in the ancient rites of worship of these pagan goddesses.

Hestia (also known as the Roman goddess Vesta) is often represented by goddess symbols associated with her personality traits, the sacred flame, and her contribution to civilization, personal households, and to architecture.

General: Hearth, home, living flame, architecture, bowl, veils, pantry, and keys

Animals: Donkey (ass) and pigs

Plants: Angel's trumpet (Datura), California poppy, goldenrod, hollyhock, purple coneflower, and yarrow

Perfumes/Scents: Angelica, iris, lavender, and peony

Gems and Metals: Amethyst, garnet, gold, silver, and brass

Colors: Gold, dark rose, lavender, silver, and black


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Contents

William Moulton Marston created Wonder Woman but he also worked, in the period before, during and after World War I, on understanding and perfecting the systolic blood-pressure test while working on his Ph.D. in psychology at Harvard University. Blood pressure was one of several elements measured in the polygraph tests that were being perfected since as far back as Italian criminologist Cesare Lombroso, in 1895. Marston's wife, psychologist and lawyer Elizabeth Holloway Marston, one of his inspirations for the Wonder Woman character, also played a key role in his lie detector research.

But the lie detector had nothing to do with Marston's creation of the Magic Lasso. Wonder Woman's Magic Lasso or Golden Lasso was the direct result of their research into emotions and was more about submission than truth. [5] So Marston created the Magic Lasso as an allegory for feminine charm and the compliant effect it has on people. The idea behind feminine allure was that submission to a pleasant controller (instead of a harsh one) was more pleasant and therefore made it more likely that people would submit.

In a 1997 academic article, psychologist Geoffry Bunn incorrectly reinforces a correlation between the lasso and the systolic blood-pressure test, stating:

Anyone caught in the lasso found it impossible to lie. And because Wonder Woman used it to extract confessions and compel obedience, the golden lasso was of course nothing less than a lie detector [. ] Like the lie detector upon which it was modelled, Wonder Woman's Golden Lasso produced truth—and by implication justice and freedom too—through coercion. [6]

Pre-Crisis Edit

The lasso was formed from Aphrodite's girdle, which made it indestructible and its magical properties were granted by the Goddess herself. The powers forced whoever was bound within it to obey the commands of whomever held the other end. [7] This effect could be used on larger groups of people, although this reduced its efficiency. In addition to being unbreakable, the lasso was also infinitely elastic. [8] [9]

Diana coated it in special Amazon chemicals that allowed it to transform her civilian clothes into Wonder Woman's garb. Diana demonstrated a remarkable level of skill with the lasso, performing such feats as twirling it to create air currents (upon which she could float) and spinning it to emit certain frequencies that disrupted spells. [9]

Post-Crisis Edit

In the post-Crisis George Pérez reboot the lasso was forged by the god Hephaestus from the Golden Girdle of Gaea that was once worn by Antiope, sister of Hippolyta. [10] It is so strong that not even Hercules can break it and is given to Diana after Hippolyta consults the Goddesses. [11] Originally the Magic Lasso was given to Wonder Woman when she returned to Paradise Island. Then William Moulton Marston later retconned the origin story in Wonder Woman #1 [12] when it was shown that Wonder Woman got it just before she left Paradise Island.

Empowered by the fires of Hestia, the lasso forces anyone held by it to tell the absolute truth. [1] Furthermore, simple physical contact with the lasso can be enough to have this effect such as when Barbara Ann Minerva attempted to swindle it from Diana, but was forced to confess her intentions when she held the lasso. It is also infinitely long, and can lengthen depending on its user's desire. The fires are said to even be able to cure insanity, as they did in the case of Ares, God of War, when he attempted to incite World War III. He renounced his plan when the lasso showed him that such a war would not only destroy all life on Earth as he wished, but also any potential worshippers he sought to gain from it. The lasso possesses incredible strength and is virtually unbreakable. One story even showed Wonder Woman using the lasso to contain the explosion of two atom bombs. Unable to stop the American bombs that would set off a Russian doomsday machine she wrapped the bombs in her lasso and let the bombs explode. [13] It has easily held beings with tremendous superhuman strength such as Superman, Captain Marvel, who has the strength of Hercules and the Power of Zeus, and Power Girl, as well as gods such as Ares and Heracles. (In several Pre-Crisis stories, it was even capable of binding Wonder Woman herself on the occasions she was caught, sometimes by Gunther.) It is shown that Wonder Woman still has her powers even if bound by the lasso. [14]

The only times it has ever been shown to break was when truth itself was challenged. For example, in JLA the lasso broke when she refused to believe the confession it wrought from Rama Khan of Jarhanpur. [4] Elsewhere, when the backwards-thinking monster Bizarro was caught in Trinity, he was horrified by the very idea of truth. As the antithesis of reason and logic he was able to break the lasso. [15] The fairy tale villainess, Queen of Fables, who has the power to bring any fictional or non-true character to life, and is herself "fictional", had power over the lasso by bringing fictional characters to life and having her non-true minions break it. It is worth noting that Wonder Woman had in fact hoped to win simply by lassoing her and let its powers of truth destroy the fairy tale villain. [16]

The magic lasso has subsequently been shown to produce a wide array of effects. When battling the entity Decay, Wonder Woman used the lasso's link to Gaia, the Greek Goddess of the Earth, as a circuit between the earth and the monster, pumping the entity of death with life-giving energies that destroyed the creature. Diana herself stated that the lasso's connection to Gaea also constantly renews its user with these energies. Wonder Woman has also used it to create a ring of protective fire around people to protect them from Circe's bestiamorphs. The lasso's energies are also shown to be capable of destroying beings forcibly resurrected by the rings of the Black Lantern Corps. [17] As the goddess of truth, Diana also used it to take memories of Donna Troy and restore her to life. In Pre-Crisis comics, the lasso also had the power to effectively control those who were bound within it.

In the mini-comic enclosed with the release of the Kenner Super Powers figure of Wonder Woman, the Amazing Amazon ensnares a mind-controlled Superman with her lasso, preventing him from destroying the Washington Monument. Superman is unable to resist the powers of the lasso as Wonder Woman renders him unconscious. Later, Wonder Woman uses her lasso on Brainiac and commands the villain to release Superman from his mind control.

In later Post-Crisis comics, the power of truth was written as innate to Wonder Woman herself, with the lasso merely a focus of that power. A storyline in the Morrison-era JLA comics by Joe Kelly depicted the lasso as an archetypal manifestation of universal truth, and, once broken (like when Wonder Woman doubted the truth that it was revealing to her because she didn't like it), disrupted the underlying truth of reality itself. With the lasso broken, reality came to be dictated by whatever people believed to be the case, starting with older beliefs and extending to beliefs that were held by various individuals in the present. This resulted in Earth becoming the center of the universe for two weeks, Earth becoming flat for several hours, the moon turning into cheese for a time, Kyle Rayner assuming a Hal Jordan-like appearance (many people still saw Hal as 'the' Green Lantern), and Batman fading in and out of existence due to his 'urban legend' status (meaning that people weren't sure if he even existed). This allegorical interpretation is often ignored in later stories and by much of fandom, as the lasso was long established as magically unable to break, and was never before stated to be the ultimate representation of truth. During her adventures with the Justice League team of superheroes Diana eventually battled a villain named Amazo who was able to duplicate aspects of the lasso for his own use.

During her current tenure as writer for Wonder Woman, Gail Simone has further explored the nature of the Lasso of Truth, describing it as "a deadly weapon, that not only binds you, and follows its mistress’ commands, the damned thing can see into your soul." [18]

This lasso should not be confused with the lasso of the current Wonder Girl, Cassie Sandsmark. That lasso, given to her by Ares, has the power to shock a target with "Zeus' lightning if Cassandra ropes her target and becomes angry with them. [1] Donna Troy also wields a mystical lasso of her own called the Lasso of Persuasion, which has the ability to persuade anyone within its confines to do Donna's bidding if her willpower is greater than theirs.

Similarly, the character Bizarra also has a magic lasso, the difference being that her lasso forces one to tell lies. [19]

Despite Wonder Woman's lasso being mystical in origin, in Bruce Wayne: The Road Home, shows that Batman apparently has reverse-engineered the Amazo technology, which aids duplicating the lasso's capabilities artificially. During Endgame, when the Joker uses a toxin to turn the Justice League against Batman, Batman is able to immobilise Diana using the 'blind of veils', essentially a Lasso of Lies that was woven by Hephaestus after he created the original Lasso by inverting the original weave. Allegedly created using the wool from the sheep used by Odysseus and his men to escape the blind cyclops, it took Batman two years to acquire on the supernatural black market, incorporating it into a suit of armor specifically designed to stand up to the Justice League, with the blind of veils trapping Diana in an illusion where she has killed Batman. [20]

In the Elseworlds tale Red Son, Wonder Woman was subdued and restrained in her own lasso by the Soviet terrorist incarnation of Batman. In order to free herself and rescue Superman from Lex Luthor's deadly red sun lamps, Wonder Woman snapped the cords of her "indestructible" lasso. The shock of the incident appeared to age Diana, leaving her grey-haired, frail, and unable to speak.

In film Edit

DC Extended Universe Edit

The lasso appears in the film Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice, where Wonder Woman makes her first live action theatrical film appearance. It is used in the battle against Doomsday to tie the monster down until Superman stabs him with the kryptonite spear.

In addition, it appears in the 2017 Wonder Woman film, in which it is also called Lasso of Hestia. This film's depiction of the golden lasso is partially used as an Indiana Jones-style whip. It is also used as a grappling tool & shield from projectiles near the end of her battle with Ares. Diana uses it for many battles, but prior to this, it is also used to interrogate Steve Trevor, with Menalippe noting that, "it is pointless & painful to resist."

In Justice League, the Lasso primarily appears in the use for truth beginning with an interrogation of a terrorist as well as, when Aquaman sits on it, causing him to confess his true feelings for the other members of the League and even his attraction to Diana herself When Superman needs to be reminded who he is and finally, as a grappling tool when first battling Steppenwolf. The Lasso of Hestia is not used as a weapon in the Justice League film.

In Wonder Woman 1984, the lasso is used as a lariat, a whip, and a grappling tool. It also plays a significant role in Wonder Woman's experiments in self-powered flight.

Teen Titans Go! To the Movies Edit

In the 2018 animated film Teen Titans Go! To the Movies, the Teen Titans travel back to when Wonder Woman was a child on Themyscira, where they find her practising with the Lasso of Truth. In order to prevent her from becoming a superhero, they snatch it from her and use it as a skipping rope instead, although they later travel back and return it to her after realising how much the world needs superheroes.

In television Edit

Wonder Woman (TV series) Edit

The lasso features in the 1970s live-action Wonder Woman series. In season one the lasso had the power to compel those bound to tell the truth. Beginning with the second season, it also had the power to cause selective amnesia. The lasso appeared to be able to expand and contract, as in the comic books instead of being a cord of several links at her waist, it is indefinitely longer and sturdier when used to lasso people or being thrown. In season two, with the updated costume, the lasso is even shorter and more like fabric, and only about twenty feet long, unless used to lasso a person or object. It was significantly longer and heavier when in use.

Super Friends/Super Powers Team Edit

In the Super Friends animated series, the lasso possessed the ability to follow the telepathic commands of Wonder Woman, physically moving on its own to accomplish tasks. The ability is never displayed in the comics, although it is hinted that without her tiara, Wonder Woman cannot fully utilize the lasso's ability. In Super Friends, Wonder Woman was typically displayed using the lasso as a tool for accomplishing feats of strength, leaving it unclear to what extent Wonder Woman herself possessed great strength or the lasso itself performed the feats. In addition, its truth-compelling power was used in the Challenge of the Super Friends episode "Sinbad and the Space Pirates". Superman found himself snared by the lasso, but he manages to tie the controlled Wonder Woman as well. In that situation, Superman forces her to confess whether he is her enemy or friend and the truth of her friendship with him forced from Wonder Woman broke the pirates' power over her. This power was also used in The World's Greatest Super Friends episode "Space Knights of Camelon".

On The Super Powers Team: Galactic Guardians, in the episode "The Fear", Wonder Woman suggests using the lasso to get a confession out of one of Scarecrow's victims, though Professor Jonathan Crane (out of costume) warns her against it for fear of trauma.

DC Animated Universe Edit

In the Justice League animated series, the lasso is only used as an exceptionally long, flexible, and unbreakable rope. In Justice League Unlimited however, Wonder Woman's lasso was officially portrayed as being able to compel the truth. This ability was finally unleashed in the episode "The Balance" by Wonder Woman's mother Queen Hippolyta who revealed that Diana had stolen the uniform before being told of its full capabilities. Upon touching the star on the tiara, various parts of the Wonder Woman costume began to temporarily glow such as the tiara, bracelets, belt and lasso. It was after this that Diana discovered that the lasso could compel truth. However, in the series, Diana only used the truth powers of the lasso once, on the demon Abnegazar to learn the location of Felix Faust, an event that occurred in the same episode.

In video games Edit

The Lasso features as part of Wonder Woman's arsenal in Justice League Heroes, most notably when Wonder Woman interrogates Darkseid to learn how they can defeat him after the main plot of the game is revealed to have been Darkseid manipulating Brainiac to ensure his own resurrection.


Hestia

Hestia
The short mythical story of Hestia is one of the famous legends that feature in the mythology of ancient civilizations. Discover the history of the ancient Roman and Greek gods and goddesses. Interesting information about the gods and goddesses featuring Hestia in a short story format. This short story of Hestia is easy reading for kids and children who are learning about the history, myths and legends of the ancient Roman and Greek gods. Additional facts and information about the mythology and legends of individual gods and goddesses of these ancient civilizations can be accessed via the following links:

Hestia
The Story of Hestia

The mythical story and history of Hestia
by E.M. Berens

The Mythical Story of Hestia
Hestia was the daughter of Cronus and Rhea. She was the goddess of Fire in its first application to the wants of mankind, hence she was essentially the presiding deity of the domestic hearth and the guardian spirit of man, and it was her pure and benign influence which was supposed to protect the sanctity of domestic life.

Now in these early ages the hearth was regarded as the most important and most sacred portion of the dwelling, probably because the protection of the fire was an important consideration, for if once permitted to become extinct, re-ignition was attended with extreme difficulty. In fact, the hearth was held so sacred that it constituted the sanctum of the family, for which reason it was always erected in the centre of every house. It was a few feet in height and was built of stone the fire was placed on the top of it, and served the double purpose of preparing the daily meals, and consuming the family sacrifices. Round this domestic hearth or altar were gathered the various members of the family, the head of the house occupying the place of honour nearest the hearth. Here prayers were said and sacrifices offered, and here also every kind and loving feeling was fostered, which even extended to the hunted and guilty stranger, who, if he once succeeded in touching this sacred altar, was safe from pursuit and punishment, and was henceforth placed under the protection of the family. Any crime committed within the sacred precincts of the domestic hearth was invariably visited by death.

Picture of Hestia, the goddess of the hearth and home

In Grecian cities there was a common hall, called the Prytaneum, in which the members of the government had their meals at the expense of the state, and here too was the Hestia, or public hearth, with its fire, by means of which those meals were prepared. It was customary for emigrants to take with them a portion of this sacred fire, which they jealously guarded and brought with them to their new home, where it served as a connecting link between the young Greek colony and the mother country. Hestia is generally represented standing, and in accordance with the dignity and sanctity of her character, always appears fully draped. Her countenance is distinguished by a serene gravity of expression..

The Myth of Hestia
The story of Hestia is featured in the book entitled "A Hand-Book of Greek and Roman Mythology. The Myths and Legends of Ancient Greece and Rome" by E.M. Berens, published in 1894 by Maynard, Merrill, & Co., New York.

The Myth of Hestia - the Magical World of Myth & Legend
The story of Hestia is one of the stories about the history of ancient gods and goddesses featured in ancient mythology and legends. Such stories serve as a doorway to enter the world of the Ancient Greeks and Romans. The names of so many of the heroes and characters are known today through movies and games but the actual story about such characters are unknown. Reading a myth story about Hestia is the easy way to learn about the history and stories of the classics.


Our history

Almost 200 years of our history in just 160 seconds

Did you know?

  • Predecessor, Bank of Italy was one of the first banks to issue loans to help rebuild San Francisco after the 1906 fire.
  • Transamerica supplied Walt Disney with a loan, which allowed him to complete Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs.
  • The Aegon name was created after the merger of two Dutch predecessors: AGO and Ennia, on November 30, 1983.
  • Alette Jacobs, suffragette and one of the first female doctors, donated her time to do physical exams for a low-cost pension fund for labourers - one of Aegon's predecessors.

Contents

Childhood

Gaea and Ouranos had three races of children the Hekatonkheires, the Elder Kyklopes, and the Titans Kronos was the youngest Titan. Ouranos, however, hated his children he then locked the Hekatonkheires and Elder Kyklopes deep within Gaea, causing her great displeasure and pain.

Castration of Ouranos

Angered at Ouranos and his actions, Gaea then created a sickle from the strongest metal. She then gathered her remaining children, the Titans, urging them to take the scythe, so as to take vengeance against Ouranos and free their brothers. The Titans, however, out of fear of their father, refused. Only Kronos was willing. He took the scythe and then convinced his older brothers (Hyperion, Koios, Krios, and Iapetos) to help him ambush their father (Okeanos, the eldest Titan, refused to help with the murder). When Ouranos came down to earth to lay with Gaia, the four of them ambushed their father, holding him down by his arms and legs. Kronos castrated Ouranos, and threw his genitals into the sea, as an insult to Okeanos for not helping with the murder. Ouranos' blood spilled acrosd the earth, and from it came forth the Gigantes, and Erinyes (the Furies). Where Kronos threw Ouranos' genitalia, sea foam started to form and Aphrodite sprung forth from it. Eventually, Gaea took a new husband, Pontus - and later Tartarus (Protogenoi) - and Kronos had become the new king and ruler of the universe.

The Golden Age

Kronos married his sister Rhea and they had six children Hestia, Demeter, Hera, Hades, Poseidon, and Zeus. In fear of his father's words that one of his own children would overthrow him, he then swallowed them after they were born. However, when Rhea was pregnant with her sixth child, Zeus, she went to a cave on Mount Ida in Crete where she gave birth to him in private. Rhea then took a boulder (provided to her by Gaia) which she wrapped in a blanket, which she gave to Kronos instead of Zeus. Rhea left Zeus on the island of Crete where he grew up. Fearing Kronos would hear Zeus' crying, Rhea sent Nymphs to make noise so loud, Kronos would never hear him. She had also sent a goat named Amaltheia and a few other nymphs to tend to him and they raised him deep within a cave. Once he grew to a formidable age, he was nearly ready to combat Kronos. Zeus married the goddess of prudence, Metis, for he needed her good advice. Zeus gained a position as Kronos' cubbearer he gave Kronos a mixture of mustard and wine to drink (some sources say nectar). Kronos thought it would make him more powerful, but to his surprise, he instead vomited his children.

Titanomachy and Kronos's punishment

Enraged by their father's cannibalism, the six gods then declared war on Kronos. The three most powerful gods, Zeus, Poseidon, and Hades, went down to Tartarus and freed their uncles, the Elder Cyclopes and Hekatonkheires. In gratitude, the beings allied with the gods the Elder Kyklopes forged the brothers powerful weapons Zeus a lightning bolt, Poseidon a trident, and Hades a helm, which granted the wearer invisibility.

For ten long years, the gods waged a brutal war against the Titans, slowly conquering their realms, and forcing them into Mount Othrys. On the final battle, the Hekatonkheires razed Kronos' palace on Mount Othrys, and Zeus sheared Othrys' peak with his lightning bolts, toppling Kronos from his throne. The Titans were defeated and chained. Zeus then took Kronos' scythe and eviscerated his father into pieces. He cast them into the dark pit of Tartarus, along with the other Titans who supported Kronos. Atlas was condemned to hold the burden of the sky for the rest of his life.


Watch the video: Hestia