Jimmy Carter is born

Jimmy Carter is born

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On October 1, 1924, future President James Earl Carter is born in Plains, Georgia. Carter, who preferred to be called “Jimmy,” was the son of a peanut farmer and was the first president to be born in a hospital. Carter was raised a devoted Southern Baptist and graduated from the Naval Academy in Annapolis, Maryland, in 1946. He married Rosalynn Smith later that year.

After graduation, Carter served in the Navy’s new nuclear submarine program and was looking forward to a career in the Navy when his father passed away in 1953. The Carters dutifully returned to Georgia and took over the family farm. Back in Plains, Carter became involved in local politics, serving first on the school board and working his way up to a seat on the George State Planning Commission. In 1962, he was elected to the George Senate and, nine years later, he became governor.

A liberal Democrat, Carter launched a campaign against Republican presidential incumbent Gerald Ford in 1974, when the American electorate was still reeling from the Vietnam War, which ended in 1973, and former President Richard Nixon’s involvement in the Watergate scandal. Ford, who assumed office immediately upon Nixon’s resignation in 1974, pardoned his former boss, enraging many who thought Nixon should have had to stand trial. Carter’s “Washington outsider” persona helped him win the White House in 1976.

READ MORE: How Jimmy Carter Brokered a Hard-Won Peace Deal Between Israel and Egypt

Carter’s tenure as president was most notable for his alternative-energy policies, racial-equality programs and friendly overtures toward Russia. He was instrumental in brokering a peace treaty between Israel and Egypt and signed an arms-reduction treaty with the Soviet Union (SALT II). These triumphs, however, were overshadowed by his inability to lead the nation out of a crippling energy crunch caused by the OPEC oil embargo of 1973.

On top of his administration’s failure to effectively combat the energy crisis, which in turn contributed to rapidly rising inflation, Carter’s administration was forced to deal with another crisis. In 1979, an Islamist student group in Iran stormed the U.S. embassy in Teheran, holding 70 Americans hostage for 444 days. Carter’s failure to secure the release of the hostages, the ongoing recession and a growing movement toward conservatism in America contributed to Carter’s loss to Ronald Reagan in the 1980 presidential campaign.

READ MORE: How the Iran Hostage Crisis Became a 14-Month Nightmare for President Carter and the Nation

The Carters have since stayed active in national and international affairs. In 1982, they founded the Carter Center in Atlanta to advocate for human rights and to alleviate “unnecessary human suffering” around the world. Since 1984, the Carters have given their time each year to build homes and raise awareness of homelessness with the international charitable organization Habitat for Humanity. In 2002, Carter won the prestigious Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts to find peaceful solutions to international conflicts, to advance democracy and human rights and to promote economic and social development.

Jimmy and Rosalynn Carter live in Plains, Georgia.

Jimmy Carter is born, Oct. 1, 1924

On this day in 1924, James Earl Carter Jr., the 39th U.S. president and a lifelong Democrat, was born in Plains, Georgia. Carter, who prefers to be known as “Jimmy,” won the White House in November 1976 in the aftermath of the Watergate scandal. But he was defeated in his quest for a second term by Republican Ronald Reagan in 1980.

With his 35-year post-presidency, Carter is now the longest-retired president in American history, having broken in 2012 the record previously held by Herbert Hoover.

Carter, the son of a peanut farmer, was reared as a Southern Baptist. After graduating from the U.S. Naval Academy in 1946, he entered the Navy’s nuclear submarine program. When his father died in 1953, Carter and his wife, Rosalynn, returned to run the family farm.

Back in Plains, Carter entered local politics, serving on the school board and working his way up to a seat on the Georgia State Planning Commission. In 1962, he was elected to the Georgia Senate. Nine years later, he became governor.

As president, Carter sought to promote energy savings at home as fuel prices spiked. He initially moved, with limited success, to ease Cold War tensions with Moscow — until the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan in 1979 ended these efforts.

Carter played a key role in brokering a once unfathomable peace treaty between Israel and Egypt. He also signed an arms reduction treaty, known as SALT II, with the Soviets. In favoring the eventual return of the Canal Zone to Panama, he helped maintain U.S. influence in Latin America.

But Carter’s foreign policy efforts were overshadowed by the crippling Arab oil embargo of 1973 and the seizure of U.S. hostages by Iranian militants in November 1979. The hostages were not released until Jan. 20, 1981, minutes after Carter had left office and Reagan had been inaugurated as his successor.

Carter returned to Georgia, where he established a foundation, The Carter Center, in Atlanta. He remains active in international affairs to this day while seeking to raise awareness of homelessness and the need for more affordable housing through his long-standing support of Habitat for Humanity.

In 2002, Carter won the Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts to ameliorate international conflicts, champion human rights, and promote economic and social progress in the developing world.

On a broad basis, Carter supports President Barack Obama, although he has criticized some of aspects of his foreign policy — particularly the widespread use of lethal drones and Obama’s failure so far to close Guantánamo Bay detention camp in Cuba.

In August 2015, at age 90, Carter was diagnosed with melanoma that had metastasized to his liver and brain. He began treatment which included surgery, immunotherapy and radiation. Less than four months later, on Dec. 6, 2015, Carter, then 91, said that his medical scans no longer showed any cancer, and on March 7, 2016, he concluded his treatment.


1924 — Jimmy Carter was born on October 1, 1924 to the parents of Earl and Lillian Carter in the small town of Plains.

1928 — Earl Carter bought a 350 acre farm 3 miles from Plains in the tiny community of Archery. The Carter family lived in a house on the farm without running water or electricity.

1930 — Jimmy Carter began first grade at Plains High School.

1941 — Graduating from Plains High School, he enrolled at Georgia Southwestern College in Americus.

1942 — He transferred to Georgia Institute of Technology in Atlanta.

1943 — Jimmy Carter’s boyhood dream of being in the navy becomes a reality as he is appointed to the U.S. Naval Academy in Annapolis.

1946 — He received his naval commission and on July 7, 1946 married Rosalynn Smith of Plains. They moved to Norfolk, Virginia.

1946-1952 — As a naval officer, Jimmy Carter moved his family to several locations including: Virginia, Hawaii, Connecticut, California, and New York. During this time three sons are born, Jack in 1947, Chip in 1950, and Jeff in 1952.

1953 — Earl Carter, Jimmy’s father, died of cancer. Lt. Jimmy Carter resigned from the navy returning with his family to Plains to run Carter’s Warehouse.

1953 — Due to a limited income, Jimmy, Rosalynn, and their three sons moved into Public Housing Apartment 9A in Plains.

1954-1962 — As a young man returning to Plains, Jimmy Carter realized the important role his father played in the community. He began to get involved serving as a member on several local boards. Education was important to him, so he accepted an appointment to the Sumter County Board of Education.

1962-66 — Jimmy Carter is elected to the Georgia State Senate and serves two terms.

1966 — He ran for governor, but lost to Lester Maddox.

1967 — Jimmy and Rosalynn Carter’s fourth child, Amy, is born.

1971 — He ran for governor again and won the election, becoming Georgia’s 6th Governor on January 12, 1971.

1974 — Jimmy Carter announced his candidacy for president. Thousands of people visit Plains in hopes of meeting him. The town changes from agriculture based businesses to tourist shops selling souvenirs.

1976 — November 2, 1976, Jimmy Carter was elected 39th President of the United States, narrowly defeating incumbent Gerald Ford.

1977 — Jimmy Carter was inaugurated President of the United States of America on January 20, 1977 in Washington, D.C. President Carter addresses the country on energy needs. The Panama Canal treaty is signed.

1978 — U.S. and the Peoples’ Republic of China establish full diplomatic relations. President Carter negotiates and mediates an accord between Egypt and Israel at Camp David.

1979 — The Department of Education is formed. Iranian radicals over run the U.S. Embassy and seize American hostages. The Strategic Arms Limitations Treaty (SALT II) is signed.

1980 — The Alaskan National Interest Lands Conservation Act is signed. A rescue attempt to get American hostages out of Iran is unsuccessful. Jimmy Carter was defeated in his bid for a second term as President by Ronald Reagan in November.

1981 — President Carter continues to negotiate the release of the American hostages in Iran. Minutes before his term as President is over, the hostages are released. Former President Carter leaves Washington, DC and heads to Germany to greet the hostages. President and Mrs. Carter return to their home in Plains, Georgia.

1982 — Jimmy and Rosalynn Carter after much planning and fundraising etablished The Carter Center in Atlanta. Click here for The Carter Center.

1986 — The Jimmy Carter Library and Museum and The Carter Center in Atlanta opens.
Click here for The Jimmy Carter Library and Museum.

1987Present — President and Mrs. Carter live in Plains, Georgia and travel all over the world helping others through their work with the Carter Center and the Rosalynn Carter Institute. The Carters continue to work to resolve conflict, foster democracy and development, and fight hunger, disease and human right abuses in Asia, Africa, Central America, South America and the United States. In addition, they volunteer one week each year to work for Habitat for Humanity. In Plains, Georgia, the Jimmy Carter National Historic Site was established in 1987. The National Historic Site includes the Depot Museum, Plains High School Museum, and the Jimmy Carter Boyhood Farm.

Jimmy Carter: Life Before the Presidency

James Earl Carter's ancestors had lived in America since the 1630s. They were residents of Georgia since just after the Revolution. “Jimmy” Carter’s parents, Earl and Lillian Carter, owned a peanut farm and warehouse and a store outside the small town of Plains, Georgia. Earl was bright, hardworking, and a very good businessman. "Miz" Lillian had been trained as a nurse, but abandoned her career when she became pregnant soon after marriage. She named the first of her four children James Earl, for his father. Jimmy's mother, well read and curious about the world around her, crossed the then-strict lines of segregation in 1920s Georgia by counseling poor African American women on matters of health care.

The family became moderately prosperous, but when Jimmy was born in 1924, the first American president to be born in a hospital, he was taken back to a house that lacked electricity and indoor plumbing. By the time he was ten, the boy stacked produce from the family farm onto a wagon, hauled it into town, and sold it. He saved his money, and by the age of thirteen, he bought five houses around Plains that the Great Depression had put on the market at rock-bottom prices. These homes were rented to families in the area. His father was stern but proud of Jimmy. His mother, Lillian, while also demanding, nurtured and encouraged his reading.

Entertainment was hard to come by in the rural Georgia of the 1930s, and for Jimmy his mother's brother offered a glimpse of the outside world. Uncle Tom Gordy had joined the United States Navy, and sent postcards to the Carters from around the globe. His nephew was fascinated with all the exotic places depicted in the cards and began to tell his parents that someday he'd be in the Navy, too. Before he even entered high school he had written the U.S. Naval Academy in Annapolis, Maryland, to ask for a catalogue. In 1941, he graduated as class valedictorian of his tiny high school.

Navy Career and Marriage

The events of World War II (1939-45) motivated many American patriots like Jimmy to enter the military service. There was stiff competition for admission into Annapolis and thus, Carter flung himself into his coursework, studying for a year at Georgia Institute of Technology in 1942. Carter was admitted to Annapolis in 1943 and graduated in the top ten percent of his class in August 1946, just after the end of the war.

Prior to his last year at Annapolis, while on leave, Midshipman Carter met Rosalynn Smith, a friend of his sister's. She was only seventeen-years-old, three years Jimmy's junior. When Carter first proposed marriage, she refused him. Early the following year, however, she visited him at Annapolis, and when he proposed a second time she accepted. The two were married in July of 1946.

For Jimmy and Rosalynn Carter, the next eight years were typical of a young postwar, American couple. Their first son was born within a year of their marriage, and there would eventually be two more sons and a daughter. Carter worked long hours while his wife worked at home raising the children. Lieutenant Carter selected the submarine service, the Navy's most hazardous duty. One incident during this time clearly illustrated Carter's values and beliefs. While his submarine was moored in Bermuda, British officials there extended a party invitation to white crewmembers only. Partly at Carter's urgings, everyone on the submarine refused to attend.

About this time, the Navy was attempting to construct its first nuclear-powered submarines. The program was headed by the brilliant, tough Captain Hyman Rickover. Today regarded as "the father of the nuclear Navy," Rickover was slight, intense and a demanding taskmaster. Carter was assigned to Rickover's research team, and the young lieutenant was pushed mercilessly by the uncompromising captain. "I think, second to my own father, Rickover had more effect on my life than any other man," Carter would later say. One of the two new submarines being built was the Seawolf, and Carter taught nuclear engineering to its handpicked crew.

Then came bad news from Plains. Carter's father Earl had cancer, and in July 1953, he died. The farm had declined in his last years, and there was real danger that it would now be lost, a crushing prospect to Lillian Carter. After some hard thought, Carter decided to resign from the Navy, return to Plains, and help his family.

Southern Winds of Change

Carter threw himself into farming the way he had his naval duties. But the return to Plains became the greatest crisis of the Carter marriage. Rosalynn, deeply opposed to giving up the travel and financial security of military life, found it a difficult adjustment. The year 1954, saw a terrible drought in Georgia, and net profits from the farm totaled just $187.

The South was changing. The Supreme Court, in the landmark case of Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka (1954), had declared school segregation unconstitutional. Later in neighboring Alabama, an African American woman named Rosa Parks refused to surrender her seat on a city bus to a white person, and she was jailed for it. Black citizens boycotted the bus system and challenged the segregation in court. They were taking a stand against centuries of oppression, and the attitudes of many whites hardened. An organization called the White Citizens Council was formed to maintain the segregated status quo in the South, and its membership blossomed across the region-including Plains, Georgia. Carter was heavily pressured to join the organization in 1958, and was the only white male in Plains to refuse. The council's members boycotted Carter's business, but he stubbornly held out and over time, the boycott fizzled out.

Community Involvement and Political Aspirations

Hard work and effective management made the Carter farm prosperous by 1959. Jimmy Carter's involvement in his local community increased as he began to serve on local boards for civic entities like hospitals and libraries. He also became a church deacon and Sunday school teacher at the Plains Baptist Church. In 1955 he successfully ran for office for the first time-a seat on Sumter County Board of Education, eventually becoming its chairman. When a new seat in the Georgia State Senate opened up because of federally ordered reapportionment in 1962, Carter entered that race. Initially defeated in the Democratic primary, he was able to prove that his opponent's victory was based on widespread vote fraud. He appealed the result and a judge threw out the fraudulent votes, and Carter was handed the election.

During his two terms in the state senate, Carter earned a reputation as a tough, independent operator. He attacked wasteful government practices and helped repeal laws designed to discourage African Americans from voting. Consistent with his past practice and his deeply held principles, when a vote was held in his church to decide on whether to admit blacks to worship there, the vote was nearly unanimous against integration. Of the three dissenting votes, two were cast by Jimmy and Rosalynn Carter.

In 1966, Carter planned to run for United States Congress. However, a Republican rival announced his candidacy for governor of Georgia, and Carter decided to challenge him. This attempt was a mistake. The civil rights movement had created a conservative backlash in the South ending the solidly Democratic stranglehold on the South. Liberal Democrats like Carter were especially vulnerable. Although he campaigned hard, he finished a poor third in the 1966 Democratic primary. The eventual winner was Lester Maddox, an ultraconservative who proudly refused to allow blacks to enter a restaurant he owned, and who distributed ax handles to white patrons as a symbol of resistance to desegregation required under the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Carter was bitterly disappointed by the defeat and was saddled with a substantial debt from it. He began to position himself for the 1970 gubernatorial election almost immediately. In the late 1960s Carter campaigned tirelessly up and down the state.

He campaigned on a platform calling for an end to busing as a means to overcome segregation in public schools. Carter thought that in order to win he would have to capture white voters who were uneasy about integration. Consequently, he minimized appearances before African American groups, and sought the endorsement of several avowed segregationists, including Lester Maddox. The leading newspaper in the state, the Atlanta Constitution, refused to endorse him, and described him as an "ignorant, racist, backward, ultra-conservative, red-necked South Georgia peanut farmer." The strategy worked, however, and with the support of rural farmers, born-again Christians, and segregationist voters, Carter forced a runoff election and won with 49 percent of the vote.

Delivering Change to Georgia

The new governor's inaugural address surprised many Georgians by calling for an end to segregation, and received national attention for it. By and large, Carter governed as a progressive and reformer. During Carter's term as governor of Georgia, he increased the number of African American staff members in Georgia's government by 25 percent. But his primary concern was the state's outdated, wasteful government bureaucracy. Three hundred state agencies were channeled into two dozen "superagencies." He promoted environmental protection and greater funding for the schools. However, he worked poorly with traditional Democratic politicians in the state legislature, and gained a deserved reputation as an arrogant governor, with a "holier than thou" attitude that isolated him from politicians who might otherwise have become his political allies.

While Carter was serving as governor, he was taking careful measure of the national political landscape. The Democratic presidential candidate in 1972 was George McGovern, a liberal who steadfastly opposed the war in Vietnam. Carter watched McGovern run an impracticable campaign, in which he was portrayed by his opponents as a radical extremist, and that ended with an overwhelming defeat at the hands of Republican incumbent, Richard Nixon. Governor Carter reasoned that the next election would require a different type of Democrat, and he quietly began laying the groundwork for a run for the White House in 1976.

About Us

Jimmy Carter is a Georgian with deep roots in his native state, being the seventh generation Carter to live in Georgia. The information detailed here is taken from an article in Georgia Life (Winter, 1976, pp. 40 ff.) by Kenneth H. Thomas.

Kindred Carter (c. 1750-1800) came to Georgia from the Bertie-Edgecombe-Hertford area of northeastern North Carolina where his family had lived for several generations. He was of the 5th generation in descent from Thomas Carter, Sr. who came in 1637 from England to Isle of Wight County, Virginia. Thomas Carter’s only known child was Thomas, Jr., who married Magdalene Moore and left a will in 1710. In that will, Thomas, Jr. did not name all of his children, but Moore Carter (c. 1680-1741) who married Jane and moved to Bertie County, North Carolina, is believed to have been his son. Moore left a will naming a son Isaac who married Ruth and died after 1790. Isaac and Ruth were the parents of Kindred and James, among others. Kindred and James both came to Georgia.

Kindred Carter settled in Richmond County, on the frontier of the new state, along Little Germany creek. This land is now part of McDuffie County, approximately 35 miles west of Augusta, Georgia. At his death in 1800, his estate listed four heirs:

James Carter (1773-1858)

James Carter married Eleanor “Nellie” Duckworth in 1798 in Columbia County, Georgia. She was a daughter of Jeremiah and Christianna Ramsey Duckworth of Warren and Columbia Counties. The Carters moved permanently to Warren County c. 1815, where they lived along White’s Creek on a 500 acre plantation, approximately four miles NW of Thomson, Georgia. Around 1835 James moved to Talbot County to join his brother Jesse and lived in the SW part of the county near Upatoi Creek. It was here that he owned land at the time of his death in Schley County at the plantation of his son Wiley. James had been a cotton planter and a Baptist.

James and Nellie Carter had 9 children:

  • Wiley, b. 1798
  • Epsey (1803-1867)
  • Littleberry (1807-1847)
  • Felix M. (d. 1844)
  • Marina “Rina” (b. 1809, m. 1832)
  • Keziah (1805-1855)
  • Martha (m. 1837)
  • George W. (m. 1837)
  • James D. (d. 1854)

Wiley Carter (1798-1864)

Wiley Carter married Ann Ansley in 1821 in Warren County. She was the daughter of Abel and Lydia Morris Ansley, and a granddaughter of Thomas and Rebecca Ansley and Job and Mary Ansley Morris. The Ansleys lived in Warren County. Wiley Carter sold his land in Warren County on Rocky Comfort Creek, near Gibson, in 1851 and moved permanently to his plantation in Schley County in Southeast Georgia, 20 miles north of Plains. The home, known today as the “Battle Place” is located, along with the family cemetery, on the Ellaville-Friendship Road (Georgia Highway 153) at its intersection with Georgia Highway 45.

It was here that Wiley Carter, farmer, planter, and Baptist, was buried when he died at the age of 66. His plantation contained 2400 acres in both Schley and Sumter Counties and produced 147 bales of cotton in 1860. Wiley’s first wife, Ann, died c. 1848, and he remarried Mrs. Sarah Wilson, widow, of Newton County in 1849.

Wiley and Ann Carter had eleven children:

  • Armanda (m. 1838)
  • Caroline (1823-1854)
  • Calvin G. (1825-1899)
  • Euphrasia A. (b. 1829)
  • Littleberry Walker (1832-1874)
  • Jane (1834-1905)
  • Julia (b. 1836)
  • Louisiana Virginia (b.1838)
  • Wiley, Jr. (1841-1904)
  • Ann W. (b. c. 1840)
  • Jesse Taliaferro (1846-1924)

Littleberry Walker Carter (1832-1874)

In 1851 Littleberry Walker Carter married Mary Ann Diligent Seals (c.1838-c. 1874) in Warren County, Georgia. She was the daughter of William A. (b. 1814) and Eliza Harris (b. 1815) Seals of Warren County. In the mid 1850s the Carters and Seals lived in that part of Warren County that became Glascock in 1857 and it was there that William A. Seals died in 1860, and his widow in 1886.

Littleberry and Mary Ann moved c. 1860 to Sumter Co. near his father’s plantation. He served in the American Civil War in Captain Cutts Sumter County Flying Artillery, serving in Virginia. Littleberry was a farmer and was buried on his farm at the time of his death at the age of 42.

Littleberry and Mary Ann had four children:

  • Jeremiah Calvin (1855-1925)
  • Eliza Ann (b. 1856)
  • William Archibald (1858-1903)
  • Nannie Bell (b. 1866)

William A. Carter (1858-1903)

William A. Carter married Nina Pratt (1863-1939) in 1885. She was the daughter of James E. and Sophronia Cowan Pratt of Abbeville District, South Carolina. William and Nina were living in Arlington, 50 miles SW of Plains, where they had moved in the mid 1880’s, when he died at the age of 45. Nina then moved to Plains, where she lived out her life and was buried.

William and Nina had five children:

  • Ethel (b. 1887)
  • William Alton (b. 1888)
  • Lula (b. 1891)
  • James Earl (1894-1953)
  • Jeanette (1904-1984)

James Earl Carter (1894-1953)

James Earl Carter married Lillian Gordy in 1923. He was an insurance broker, farmer, fertilizer dealer, Baptist and Democrat. A veteran of World War I, he served on the County Board of Education and was a state representative in his first term when he died at the age of 59. The couple had four children:

  • James Earl “Jimmy” Carter, Jr. (b. October 1, 1924)
  • Gloria (Mrs. Walter G. Spann)(b. October 22, 1926, d. March 5, 1990)
  • Ruth (Mrs. Robert T. Stapleton)(b. August 7, 1929, d. September 26, 1983)
  • William Alton “Billy” (b. March 29, 1937, d. September 25, 1988)

James Earl “Jimmy” Carter, Jr. (b. 1924)

Jimmy Carter married Eleanor Rosalynn Smith (b. August 18, 1927) on July 7, 1946.

Accomplishments as a Southern Politician

The 1950s were a period of great change in the American South. In the landmark 1954 case Brown v. Board of Education, the United States Supreme Court unanimously ordered the desegregation of public schools, and in the aftermath of that decision, civil rights protestors vociferously demanded an end to all forms of racial discrimination. However, politics in the rural South still largely reflected the reactionary racial outlook of the "Old South." Carter was the only white man in Plains to refuse to join a segregationist group called the White Citizens&apos Council, and shortly afterward he found a sign on the front door of his home that read: "Coons and Carters go together."

It was not until the 1962 Supreme Court ruling in Baker v. Carr, which required that voting districts be redrawn in a way that stopped privileging rural white voters, that Carter saw an opportunity for a "new Southerner," such as he considered himself, to win political office. That same year he ran for the Georgia State Senate against a local businessman named Homer Moore. Although the initial vote showed that Moore had won the election, it was blatantly obvious that his victory was the result of widespread fraud. In one precinct, 420 ballots were cast even though only 333 were issued. Carter appealed the outcome and a Georgia judge discarded the fraudulent votes and declared Carter the winner. As a two-term state senator, Carter earned a reputation as a tough and independent politician, curbing wasteful spending and steadfastly supporting civil rights.

In 1966, after briefly considering a run for the United States House of Representatives, Carter instead decided to run for governor. However, in the midst of a white backlash to the Civil Rights Movement, Carter&aposs liberal campaign failed to gain momentum in the Democratic primaries, and he finished a distant third place. The eventual winner was Lester Maddox, an ardent segregationist who had infamously barricaded the doors of his restaurant and brandished an axe to ward off Black customers.

Governors were limited to one term under Georgia law, though, so Carter almost immediately began positioning himself for the 1970 gubernatorial election. This time around, Carter ran a campaign specifically targeted at the white rural voters who had rejected him as too liberal in 1966. Carter publicly opposed busing as a method of integrating public schools, limited public appearances with Black leaders and actively courted the endorsements of several noted segregationists, including Governor Maddox. He so completely reversed his staunch commitment to civil rights that the liberal Atlanta Constitution Journal called him an "ignorant, racist, backward, ultra-conservative, red-necked South Georgia peanut farmer." Nevertheless, the strategy worked, and in 1970 Carter defeated Carl Sanders to become governor of Georgia.

Once he was elected governor, Carter largely returned to the progressive values he had promoted earlier in his career. He publicly called for an end to segregation, increased the number of Black officials in state government by 25 percent and promoted education and prison reform. Carter&aposs signature accomplishment as governor was slashing and streamlining the enormous state bureaucracy into a lean and efficient machine. However, Carter showed disdain for the niceties of political decorum and alienated many traditional Democratic allies, with whom he might otherwise have worked closely.

Jimmy Carter chose to work the Navy's most dangerous duty

Upon graduating from the Naval Academy with distinction, Carter was assigned to the USS Wyoming as an ensign (via Naval History and Heritage Command). Onboard, he spent two years completing surface ship duty and then applied for the most hazardous job the Navy offers: Submarine duty. On SSK-1, he acquired a variety of titles, from executive officer to engineering officer and then electronics repair officer. Carter later applied to a brand new program to make nuclear-powered submarines, and was quickly promoted to lieutenant. As part of the program, he served on temporary duty with the Naval Reactors Branch of the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission.

Just as Carter was gearing up to become the engineering officer for one of the very first submarines to operate on atomic power (USS Seawolf), he got a call with some bad news: His father had died, and the family-run farm was in disarray. He promptly resigned from the Navy and returned home to rural Georgia to get the business back on its feet. He spent the next couple of decades balancing farm duties with a growing interest in local — and then national — politics, eventually becoming the 39th president of the United States. The Navy honored Carter's time in service by naming the Seawolf-class submarine Jimmy Carter.

1. Jimmy Carter did not grow up in the lap of luxury.

Born in Plains, Georgia on October 1, 1924, James Earl Carter’s early years didn’t involve a lot of the rapid technological progressions that were taking place around the country. His family relocated to Archery, Georgia—a town that relied chiefly on mule-drawn wagons for transportation—when Carter was 4 years old. Indoor plumbing and electricity were rare. To pass time, Carter typically listened to entertainment shows on a battery-operated radio with his father.

Jimmy Carter is born - HISTORY

Posted on 05/27/2007 6:13:47 PM PDT by K-oneTexas

In this exclusive 10-part series, IBD takes a hard look at Jimmy Carter’s administration and compares it to that of George W. Bush, which Carter has called the worst ever.

Installments will cover the economy, foreign policy, human rights, dealing with dictators, fighting Communism and the Democratic leadership in general during times of war.

Leadership: So Jimmy Carter calls the Bush administration "the worst in history." This from the man who wrecked the world's greatest economy and made a nuclear Iran and North Korea possible.

Leadership: When it comes to economic performance, there's no contest: Apart from the early years of the Depression, Jimmy Carter's brief tenure as president was the worst in the 20th century.

Leadership: After being told over and over by President Jimmy Carter that America's ability to influence world events was "very limited," the Soviet Union believed him and invaded Afghanistan. And al-Qaida was born.

Leadership: In the name of human rights, Jimmy Carter gave rise to one of the worst rights violators in history — the Ayatollah Khomeini. And now Khomeini's successor is preparing for nuclear war with Israel and the West.

Carter's Red Carpet

Leadership: On President Jimmy Carter's watch, more territory was lost to tyranny than at any other time since Yalta. And he'd have us return to those thrilling days of yesteryear.

TOPICS: Government

In this exclusive 10-part series, IBD takes a hard look at Jimmy Carter's administration and compares it to that of George W. Bush, which Carter has called the worst ever.

Installments will cover the economy, foreign policy, human rights, dealing with dictators, fighting Communism and the Democratic leadership in general during times of war.

FRmail me if you want on or off the 'Jimah Carter The Incompetent' Ping List.

The Hostage Rescue Attempt In Iran, April 24-25, 1980

A recent article has provided some provacative information regarding former President Jimmy Carter and the Shah. While I had heard or read short articles regarding what is revealed here, the new piece by Alan Peters was an eye opener, and explained so much that I had suspected.

I must admit, I used to be a Jimmy Carter supporter. I voted for him to be re-elected. I cringe when people always refer to the Hostage Rescue Attempt as “Ill Fated”, “Catastrophic”, “Jimmy Carter’s Diaster”, when Carter is to be commended for at least actually going through with the attempt, while someone like Bill Clinton allowed the US to be attacked numerous times, only to respond when Monica appeared on television.

I disagree with his timing, I wish heauthorized the rescue earlier, but some accounts tell us that an individual escaped Iran with information as to the exact whereabouts of the Hostages only a week or two before the official date of the Rescue. Jimmy Carter did what he had to do, and so did the men.

The mission did not fail due to the actions of the men or Jimmy Carter, it failed because God did not want us to win that day. 8 Good men died trying to rescue our people in a bold, daring move that our country had no previous reason to prepare for, nor did they anticipate the incidents beforehand.

But, since I have grown up a little, and learned a few things regarding politics, I have learned that Jimmy Carter was one of the worst Presidents the United States ever had. Maybe THE worst. Carter’s failure to order us into actual combat with Iran in 1979-1980 over the Hostage incident allowed the rise of radical Islam to begin. The snowball effect of that radical Islam was shown on September 11, 2001.

While I have personal feelings regarding whether we should have gone to war against Iran for the taking of our embassy back in 1979, I at least regarded the man as a decent man, a well meaning man.

Events in the last 10 years, however, and knowlege of events of the 1980’s have shown Jimmy Carter to be a dishonorable man. In fact, if the accounts are corect, Jimmy Carter is a traitor.

It is reported that Jimmy Carer contacted the Soviet KGB in asking for help in defeating Ronald Reagan.

Jimmy Carter is the man Bill Clinton sent to North Korea to supposedly cause North Korea to give up their desire for nuclear weapons, only to have them re-start their program immediately after he left.

Jimmy Carter has also made disparaging comments about our present President, George Bush for Bush’s efforts to stop terrorism.

Jimmy Carter must make such statements, because if the truth be told, the origin of terrorism worldwide was the fall of Iran, and that fall was hastened due to Jimmy Carter’s direct actions and lack of action.

Defense & Foreign Affairs Daily

Volume XXII, No. 46 Monday, March 15, 2004
Founded in 1972 Produced at least 200 times a year

© 2004, Global Information System, ISSA

Rôle of US Former Pres. Carter Emerging in Illegal Financial Demands on Shah of Iran

Exclusive. Analysis. By Alan Peters,1 GIS. Strong intelligence has begun to emerge that US President Jimmy Carter attempted to demand financial favors for his political friends from the Shah of Iran. The rejection of this demand by the Shah could well have led to Pres. Carters resolve to remove the Iranian Emperor from office.

The linkage between the destruction of the Shahs Government directly attributable to Carters actions and the Iran-Iraq war which cost millions of dead and injured on both sides, and to the subsequent rise of radical Islamist terrorism makes the new information of considerable significance.

Pres. Carters anti-Shah feelings appeared to have ignited after he sent a group of several of his friends from his home state, Georgia, to Tehran with an audience arranged with His Majesty directly by the Oval Office and in Carters name. At this meeting, as reported by Prime Minister Amir Abbas Hoveyda to some confidantes, these businessmen told the Shah that Pres. Carter wanted a contract. previously awarded to Brown & Root to build a huge port complex at Bandar Mahshahr, to be cancelled and as a personal favor to him to be awarded to the visiting group at 10 percent above the cost quoted by Brown & Root.

The group would then charge the 10 percent as a management fee and supervise the project for Iran, passing the actual construction work back to Brown & Root for implementation, as previously awarded. They insisted that without their management the project would face untold difficulties at the US end and that Pres. Carter was trying to be helpful. They told the Shah that in these perilous political times, he should appreciate the favor which Pres. Carter was doing him.

According to Prime Minister Hoveyda, the Georgia visitors left a stunned monarch and his bewildered Prime Minister speechless, other than to later comment among close confidantes about the hypocrisy of the US President, who talked glibly of God and religion but practiced blackmail and extortion through his emissaries.

The multi-billion dollar Bandar Mahshahr project would have made 10 percent management fee a huge sum to give away to Pres. Carters friends as a favor for unnecessary services. The Shah politely declined the personal management request which had been passed on to him. The refusal appeared to earn the Shah the determination of Carter to remove him from office.

Carter subsequently refused to allow tear gas and rubber bullets to be exported to Iran when anti-Shah rioting broke out, nor to allow water cannon vehicles to reach Iran to control such outbreaks, generally instigated out of the Soviet Embassy in Tehran. There was speculation in some Iranian quarters as well as in some US minds at the time and later that Carters actions were the result of either close ties to, or empathy for, the Soviet Union, which was anxious to break out of the longstanding US-led strategic containment of the USSR, which had prevented the Soviets from reaching the warm waters of the Indian Ocean.

Sensing that Irans exports could be blocked by a couple of ships sunk in the Persian Gulf shipping lanes, the Shah planned a port which would have the capacity to handle virtually all of Irans sea exports unimpeded.

Contrary to accusations leveled at him about the huge, megalomaniac projects like Bandar Mahshahr, these served as a means to provide jobs for a million graduating high school students every year for whom there were no university slots available. Guest workers, mostly from Pakistan and Afghanistan were used to start and expand the projects and Iranians replaced the foreigners as job demand required, while essential infrastructure for Iran was built ahead of schedule.

In late February 2004, Islamic Irans Deputy Minister of Economy stated that the country needed $18-billion a year to create one-million jobs and achieve economic prosperity. And at the first job creation conference held in Tehrans Amir Kabir University, Irans Student News Agency estimated the jobless at some three-million. Or a budget figure of $54-billion to deal with the problem.

Thirty years earlier, the Shah had already taken steps to resolve the same challenges, which were lost in the revolution which had been so resolutely supported by Jimmy Carter.

A quarter-century after the toppling of the Shah and his Government by the widespread unrest which had been largely initiated by groups with Soviet funding but which was, ironically, to bring the mullahs rather than the radical-left to power Ayatollah Shariatmadaris warning that the clerics were not equipped to run the country was echoed by the Head of Islamic Irans Investment Organization, who said: We are hardly familiar with the required knowledge concerning the proper use of foreign resources both in State and private sectors, nor how to make the best use of domestic resources. Not even after 25 years.

Historians and observers still debate Carters reasons for his actions during his tenure at the White House, where almost everything, including shutting down satellite surveillance over Cuba at an inappropriate time for the US, seemed to benefit Soviet aims and policies. Some claim he was inept and ignorant, others that he was allowing his liberal leanings to overshadow US national interests.

The British Foreign & Commonwealth Office had enough doubts in this respect, even to the extent of questioning whether Carter was a Russian mole, that they sent around 200 observers to monitor Carters 1980 presidential campaign against Ronald Reagan to see if the Soviets would try to buy the presidency for Carter.

In the narrow aspect of Carter setting aside international common sense to remove the US most powerful ally in the Middle East, this focused change was definitely contrary to US interests and events over the next 25 years proved this.

According to Prime Minister Hoveyda, Jimmy Carters next attack on the Shah was a formal country to country demand that the Shah sign a 50-year oil agreement with the US to supply oil at a fixed price of $8 a barrel. No longer couched as a personal request, the Shah was told he should heed the contract proposal if he wished to enjoy continued support from the US. In these perilous, political times which, could become much worse.

Faced with this growing pressure and threat, the monarch still could not believe that Iran, the staunchest US ally in the region, other than Israel, would be discarded or maimed so readily by Carter, expecting he would be prevailed upon by more experienced minds to avoid destabilizing the regional power structure and tried to explain his position. Firstly, Iran did not have 50-years of proven oil reserves that could be covered by a contract. Secondly, when the petrochemical complex in Bandar Abbas, in the South, was completed a few years later, each barrel of oil would produce $1,000 worth of petrochemicals so it would be treasonous for the Shah to give oil away for only $8.

Apologists, while acknowledging that Carter had caused the destabilization of the monarchy in Iran, claim he was only trying to salvage what he could from a rapidly deteriorating political situation to obtain maximum benefits for the US. But, after the Shah was forced from the throne, Carters focused effort to get re-elected via the Iran hostage situation points to less high minded motives.

Rumor has always had it that Carter had tried to negotiate to have the US hostages, held for 444 days by the Islamic Republic which he had helped establish in Iran, released just before the November 1980 election date, but that opposition (Republican) candidate Ronald Reagan had subverted, taken over and blocked the plan. An eye-witness account of the seizure by students of the US Embassy on November 4, 1979, in Tehran confirms a different scenario.

The mostly rent-a-crowd group of students organized to climb the US Embassy walls was spearheaded by a mullah on top of a Volkswagen van, who with a two-way radio in one hand and a bullhorn in the other, controlled the speed of the march on the Embassy according to instructions he received over the radio. He would slow it down, hurry it up and slow it down again in spurts and starts, triggering the curiosity of an educated pro-Khomeini vigilante, who later told the story to a friend in London.

When asked by the vigilante for the reason of this irregular movement, the stressed cleric replied that he had instructions to provide the US Embassy staff with enough time to destroy their most sensitive documents and to give the three most senior US diplomats adequate opportunity to then take refuge at the Islamic Republic Foreign Ministry rather than be taken with the other hostages. Someone at the Embassy was informing the Foreign Ministry as to progress over the telephone and the cleric was being told what to do over his radio.

The vigilante then asked why the Islamic Government would bother to be so accommodating to the Great Satan and was told that the whole operation was planned in advance by Prime Minister Mehdi Bazargans revolutionary Government with Pres. Carter in return for Carter having helped depose the Shah and that this was being done to ensure Carter got re-elected. He helped us, now we help him was the matter-of-fact comment from the cleric.

In 1978 while the West was deciding to remove His Majesty Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi from the throne, Shariatmadari was telling anyone who would listen not to allow Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini and his velayat faghih (Islamic jurist) version of Islam to be allowed to govern Iran. Ayatollah Shariatmadari noted: We mullahs will behave like bickering whores in a brothel if we come to power . and we have no experience on how to run a modern nation so we will destroy Iran and lose all that has been achieved at such great cost and effort.2

Pres. Carter reportedly responded that Khomeini was a religious man as he was and that he knew how to talk to a man of God, who would live in the holy city of Qom like an Iranian pope and act only as an advisor to the secular, popular revolutionary Government of Mehdi Bazargan and his group of anti-Shah executives, some of whom were US-educated and expected to show preferences for US interests.

Carters mistaken assessment of Khomeini was encouraged by advisors with a desire to form an Islamic green belt to contain atheist Soviet expansion with the religious fervor of Islam. Eventually all 30 of the scenarios on Iran presented to Carter by his intelligence agencies proved wrong, and totally misjudged Khomeini as a person and as a political entity.

Today, Iranian-born, Grand Ayatollah Ali Al-Sistani, the dominant Shia leader in Iraq faces Shariatmadaris dilemma and shares the same quietist Islamic philosophy of sharia (religious law) guidance rather than direct governing by the clerics themselves. Sistanis Khomeini equivalent, militant Ayatollah Mohammed Baqir al-Sadr, was gunned down in 1999 by then-Iraqi Pres. Saddam Husseins forces. Sadrs son, 30-year-old Muqtada al-Sadr, lacks enough followers or religious seniority/clout to immediately oppose Sistani but has a hard core of violent followers biding their time.

According to all estimates, the young Sadr waits for the June 2004 scheduled handover of power in Iraq, opening the way for serious, militant intervention on his side by Iranian clerics. The Iranian clerical leaders, the successors to Khomeini, see, far more clearly than US leaders and observers, the parallels between 1979-80 and 2004: as a result, they have put far more effort into activities designed to ensure that Reagans successor, US Pres. George W. Bush, does not win power.

1. © 2004 Alan Peters. The name Alan Peters is a nom de plume for a writer who was for many years involved in intelligence and security matters in Iran. He had significant access inside Iran at the highest levels during the rule of the Shah, until early 1979.

2. See Defense & Foreign Affairs Daily, March 2, 2004: Credibility and Legitimacy of Ruling Iranian Clerics Unraveling as Pressures Mount Against Them The Source of Clerical Ruling Authority Now Being Questioned. This report, also by Alan Peters, details the background of Ayatollah Khomeini, the fact that his qualifications for his religious title were not in place, and the fact that he was not of Iranian origin.

Some articles have appeared on the Internet concerning Jimmy Carter that the public should be aware of. Here are the opening paragraphs with the links to the original articles:

Jimmy Carter Under Fire for Recruiting Soviets Against Reagan

Wes Vernon, NewsMax.com
Wednesday, Oct. 30, 2002
WASHINGTON Former President Jimmy Carter owes an explanation to the American people for his behavior during the Cold War, says the author of a new book.

“Reagans War reveals new information that Carter, as president and later as a private citizen, sought the help of an avowed foreign enemy of this country to undermine Reagans candidacy in 1980 and, even more shocking, tried to cripple President Reagans foreign policy in 1984.

The former Democrat president, who had been ousted by voters four years earlier, wanted the Soviets to help him put a Democrat back in the White House.

Speaking Tuesday at a seminar at the Institute of World Politics, the books author, Peter Schweizer, said Jimmy Carter owes a full explanation, and then depending on his answer, a decision could be made as to whether the former president “stepped over the line from pure dissent to giving aid and comfort to the enemy.

NewsMax.com CEO Christopher Ruddy has written that Carter “may well have committed treason by enlisting the help of the Soviet Union in the 1980 and 1984 presidential elections.

“Its a fair question for him [Carter] to give his account of what happened, and a response, which he has not done, the author told NewsMax.com. “Then, you know, depending on his reaction and response, there needs to be further discussion. The other thing potentially that perhaps ought to be asked [is] that Moscow release any files it has on the meetings.

“All we have right now, Schweizer added, “is based on these accounts by [former Soviet Ambassador] Dobrynin. And it begs the question: Is there any more material based on his [Carters] dealings with Moscow?

‘Carter Won’t Forget’ Soviet Assistance

Schweizers book, which is going straight to the top of the best-seller list, reveals that during the 1980 campaign when Reagan was gaining in the polls, Carter “dispatched [pro-Soviet industrialist] Armand Hammer to the Soviet Embassy for a secret meeting with Ambassador Dobrynin to ask for Soviet help with Jewish emigration and other potential vote-getting issues for a sitting president. The Soviets were promised that “Carter wont forget that service if he is re-elected.

Schweizer reports that when Reagan was running for re-election in 1984, Carter himself visited Ambassador Dobrynin warning there “would not be a single agreement on arms control, especially on nuclear arms, as long as Reagan was in power.

Carter wanted the Soviet Union to help the Democrats regain the presidency. History shows his prophecy about no hope for a nuclear arms agreement to be wrong. It was a part of Reagan’s success in ending the Cold War on Americas terms.

Asking Carter to explain to Americans this part of his stewardship is most “reasonable, in Schweizers view. When he asked the former president about this, all the author got was “No comment.

Peter Schweizer, a Hoover Institution research fellow, has just written a new book, “Reagan’s War: The Epic Story of His Forty-Year Struggle and Final Triumph Over Communism.”

This book may well force historians to revise the history of the Cold War.

Schweizer, after scouring once-classified KGB, East German Stasi and Soviet Communist Party files, discovered incontrovertible evidence that the Soviets not only played footsie with high-ranking Democrats, they also worked behind the scenes to influence American elections.

In “Reagan’s War,” Schweizer shows how the Democrats worked with Moscow to try to undermine Reagan before and after he became president.

Jimmy Carter’s Dirty Tricks

Soviet diplomatic accounts and material from the archives show that in January 1984, former President Jimmy Carter dropped by Soviet Ambassador Anatoly Dobrynin’s residence for a private meeting.

Carter expressed his concern about and opposition to Reagan’s defense buildup. He boldly told Dobrynin that Moscow would be better off with someone else in the White House. If Reagan won, he warned, “There would not be a single agreement on arms control, especially on nuclear arms, as long as Reagan remained in power.”

Using the Russians to influence the presidential election was nothing new for Carter.

Schweizer reveals Russian documents that show that in the waning days of the 1980 campaign, the Carter White House dispatched businessman Armand Hammer to the Soviet Embassy.

Hammer was a longtime Soviet-phile, and he explained to the Soviet ambassador that Carter was “clearly alarmed” at the prospect of losing to Reagan.

Hammer pleaded with the Russians for help. He asked if the Kremlin could expand Jewish emigration to bolster Carter’s standing in the polls.

‘Carter Won’t Forget That Service’

“Carter won’t forget that service if he is elected,” Hammer told Dobrynin.

Carter was not the only Democrat to make clear to the Russians where their loyalty lay. As the election neared in 1984, Dobrynin recalls meetings with Speaker of the House Thomas P. “Tip” O’Neill.

O’Neill told Dobrynin that no effort should be spared to prevent “that demagogue Reagan” from being re-elected.

Jimmy Carter and the 40 Ayatollahs
Diane Alden
Wednesday, Oct. 30, 2002
By Middle East standards the Shah of Iran was a progressive democrat. In the eyes of President Jimmy Carter and certain foreign policy factions in the State Department and various think tanks, the Shah represented the heart of darkness.

In an article in May 2002, NewsMax’s Chris Ruddy pointed out:

“Remember Carter’s human rights program, where he demanded the Shah of Iran step down and turn over power to the Ayatollah Khomeini? “No matter that Khomeini was a madman. Carter had the U.S. Pentagon tell the Shah’s top military commanders about 150 of them to acquiesce to the Ayatollah and not fight him.

“The Shah’s military listened to Carter. All of them were murdered in one of the Ayatollah’s first acts.

“By allowing the Shah to fall, Carter created one of the most militant anti-American dictatorships ever.”

[See: Jimmy Carter’s Trail of Disaster.]

As has been reported in NewsMax previously, Carter still receives a great deal of money from the Arab world for his Carter Center in Atlanta.

Carter Sold out Iran 1977-1978
As if a light were switched off, the Shah of Iran, Mohammad Reza Pahlevi, portrayed for 20 years as a progressive modern ruler by Islamic standards, was suddenly, in 1977-1978, turned into this foaming at the mouth monster by the international left media. Soon after becoming President in 1977, Jimmy Carter launched a deliberate campaign to undermine the Shah. The Soviets and their left-wing apparatchiks would coordinate with Carter by smearing the Shah in a campaign of lies meant to topple his throne. The result would be the establishment of a Marxist/Islamic state in Iran headed by the tyrannical Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini. The Iranian revolution, besides enthroning one of the worlds most oppressive regimes, would greatly contribute to the creation of the Marxist/Islamic terror network challenging the free world today.

At the time, a senior Iranian diplomat in Washington observed, President Carter betrayed the Shah and helped create the vacuum that will soon be filled by Soviet-trained agents and religious fanatics who hate America. Under the guise of promoting human rights, Carter made demands on the Shah while blackmailing him with the threat that if the demands werent fulfilled, vital military aid and training would be withheld. This strange policy, carried out against a staunch, 20 year Middle East ally, was a repeat of similar policies applied in the past by US governments to other allies such as pre Mao China and pre Castro Cuba.

Carter started by pressuring the Shah to release political prisoners including known terrorists and to put an end to military tribunals. The newly released terrorists would be tried under civil jurisdiction with the Marxist/Islamists using these trials as a platform for agitation and propaganda. This is a standard tactic of the left then and now. The free world operates at a distinct dis-advantage to Marxist and Islamic nations in this regard as in those countries, trials are staged to show the political faith of the ruling elite. Fair trials, an independent judiciary, and a search for justice is considered to be a western bourgeois prejudice.

Carter pressured Iran to allow for free assembly which meant that groups would be able to meet and agitate for the overthrow of the government. It goes without saying that such rights didnt exist in any Marxist or Islamic nation. The planned and predictable result of these policies was an escalation of opposition to the Shah, which would be viewed by his enemies as a weakness. A well-situated internal apparatus in Iran receiving its marching orders from the Kremlin egged on this growing opposition.

By the fall of 1977, university students, working in tandem with a Shiite clergy that had long opposed the Shahs modernizing policies, began a well coordinated and financed series of street demonstrations supported by a media campaign reminiscent of the 1947-1948 campaign against Chinas Chiang Ki Shek in favor of the agrarian reformer Mao tse Tung. At this point the Shah was unable to check the demonstrators, who were instigating violence as a means of inflaming the situation and providing their media stooges with atrocity propaganda. Rumors were circulating amongst Iranians that the CIA under the orders of President Carter organized these demonstrations.

In November 1977, the Shah and his Empress, Farah Diba, visited the White House where they were met with hostility. They were greeted by nearly 4,000 Marxist-led Iranian students, many wearing masks, waving clubs, and carrying banners festooned with the names of Iranian terrorist organizations. The rioters were allowed within 100 feet of the White House where they attacked other Iranians and Americans gathered to welcome the Shah. Only 15 were arrested and quickly released. Inside the White House, Carter pressured the Shah to implement even more radical changes. Meanwhile, the Soviets were mobilizing a campaign of propaganda, espionage, sabotage, and terror in Iran. The Shah was being squeezed on two sides.

In April 1978, Moscow would instigate a bloody coup in Afghanistan and install the communist puppet Nur Mohammad Taraki. Taraki would proceed to call for a jihad against the Ikhwanu Shayateen which translates into brothers of devils, a label applied to opponents of the new red regime in Kabul and to the Iranian government. Subversives and Soviet-trained agents swarmed across the long Afghanistan/Iran border to infiltrate Shiite mosques and other Iranian institutions. By November 1978, there was an estimated 500,000 Soviet backed Afghanis in Iran where, among other activities, they set up training camps for terrorists.

Khomeini, a 78-year-old Shiite cleric whose brother had been imprisoned as a result of activities relating to his Iranian Communist party affiliations, and who had spent 15 years in exile in Bath Socialist Iraq, was poised to return. In exile, Khomeini spoke of the creation of a revolutionary Islamic republic, which would be anti-Western, socialist, and with total power in the hands of an ayatollah. In his efforts to violently overthrow the government of Iran, Khomeini received the full support of the Soviets.

Nureddin Klanuri, head of the Iranian Communist Tudeh Party, in exile in East Berlin, stated, The Tudeh Party approves Ayatollah Khomeinis initiative in creating the Islamic Revolutionary Council. The ayatollahs program coincides with that of the Tudeh Party. Khomeinis closest advisor, Sadegh Ghothzadeh, was well known as a revolutionary with close links to communist intelligence. In January 1998, Pravda, the official Soviet organ, officially endorsed the Khomeini revolution.

American leaders were also supporting Khomeini. After the Pravda endorsement, Ramsey Clark, who served as Attorney General under President Lyndon B. Johnson, held a press conference where he reported on a trip to Iran and a Paris visit with Khomeini. He urged the US government to take no action to help the Shah so that Iran could determine its own fate. Clark played a behind the scenes role influencing members of Congress to not get involved in the crisis. Perhaps UN Ambassador Andrew Young best expressed the thinking of the left at the time when he stated that, if successful, Khomeini would eventually be hailed as a saint.

Khomeini was allowed to seize power in Iran and, as a result, we are now reaping the harvest of anti-American fanaticism and extremism. Khomeini unleashed the hybrid of Islam and Marxism that has spawned suicide bombers and hijackers. President Jimmy Carter, and the extremists in his administration are to blame and should be held accountable.
Chuck Morse
Is the author of
Why Im a Right-Wing Extremist

The duty of the President is to "uphold and defned the Constitution..etc". But Jimmy, schooled in Leftism filtered through Puritanism, saw his duty as Making America Moral, According to His Lights.

America, of course, could never be Moral According to Jimmy, (unless we surrendered to Soviet Russia, and these days to Islamofascist Iran), so he saw that his duty was to punish America for its sins, as he saw them. And so he did and continues to try to do so.


Carter was born on October 1, 1924, at Lillian Carter Health and Rehabilitation in Plains, Georgia. [1] Carter was the first U.S. president to be born in a hospital. [2] He was the oldest son of Bessie Lillian (née Gordy) and James Earl Carter Sr. [3] He is distantly related to President Richard Nixon and Bill Gates. [4] The family moved several times when Carter was an infant. [5] The Carters settled on a dirt road in nearby Archery. [6]

Carter attended the Plains High School from 1937 to 1941. [7] He also joined the Future Farmers of America and developed a lifelong interest in woodworking. [8] [9]

After high school, Carter enrolled at Georgia Southwestern College, in Americus, Georgia. [10] He took extra mathematics courses at Georgia Tech. [11]

In 1943, Carter was accepted to the United States Naval Academy. [12] While at the academy, Carter fell in love with Rosalynn Smith. [13] The two married shortly after his graduation in 1946. [13] He was a sprint football player for the Navy Midshipmen. [14] Carter graduated 60th out of 820 midshipmen in the class of 1946 with a Bachelor of Science degree and was commissioned as an ensign. [15] [16]

From 1946 to 1953, Carter and Rosalynn lived in Virginia, Hawaii, Connecticut, New York and California, during his deployments in the Atlantic and Pacific fleets. [16] In 1948, he began officers' training for submarine duty. [16] He was promoted to lieutenant junior grade in 1949. [16]

In 1952, Carter began his work with the US Navy's nuclear submarine program. [17] He was sent to the Naval Reactors Branch of the Atomic Energy Commission in Washington, D.C. for three month temporary duty, while Rosalynn moved with their children to Schenectady, New York. [17] [18]

In March 1953, Carter began nuclear power school, a six-month non-credit course covering nuclear power plant operation at Union College in Schenectady. [19] Carter's father died and he was released from active duty to allow him to take over the family peanut business. [20] Carter left active duty on October 9, 1953. [20]

He was in the inactive Navy Reserve until 1961, and left the service with the rank of lieutenant. [21] His awards included the American Campaign Medal, World War II Victory Medal, China Service Medal, and National Defense Service Medal. [22]

Carter's father, James died after having recently been elected to the Georgia House of Representatives. [23] For a year, Jimmy, Rosalynn, and their three sons lived in public housing in Plains. [24] Carter is the only U.S. President to have lived in public housing before he took office. [24] Carter wanted to expand the family's peanut-growing business. [25] His first-year harvest failed due to drought, however Carter wanted to open several bank lines of credit to keep the farm going. [25] Meanwhile, he also took classes and read up on agriculture while Rosalynn learned accounting to manage the business's books. [26] Though they barely broke even the first year, the Carters grew the business and became successful. [26] [25]

Carter, who was against racial segregation, was inspired to run for office over the racial tensions in the country. [27] By 1961 he was a known member of the Plains community and the Baptist Church as well as chairman of the Sumter County school board. [28] At the school board, Carter spoke against racial segregation in public schools. [28]

In 1962, Carter announced his run for a seat in the Georgia State Senate. [29] At first, the results showed Carter losing, but this was the result of fraudulent voting done by the Democratic Party chairman in Quitman County. [30] Carter challenged the results when fraud was confirmed, a new election was held, which he won. [29]

Beginning in 1962, the town of Americus was the site of mass beatings of black protesters. [31] Carter was quiet on the issue at first. [32] He did speak up on a few divisive issues, giving speeches against literacy tests and against a change to the state constitution. [32] At the time of President Kennedy's assassination, Carter was informed by a customer of his peanut business of the killing. Carter later called the assassination "the greatest blow that I had suffered since my father died". [33]

Within two years, his connections in the state senate landed him on the state Democratic Executive Committee, where he helped rewrite the state party's rules. [34] He became chairman of the West Central Georgia Planning and Development Commission. [34]

When Bo Callaway was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives in November 1964, Carter wanted to run against him in the next congressional election. [35] The two had fought over which two-year college would be expanded to a four-year college program by the state. [35] Carter wanted it to go to his alma mater, Georgia Southwestern College, but Callaway wanted the funding to go to downtown Columbus. [35]

Carter was re-elected in 1964 to a second two-year term. [36] For a time in the State Senate, he chaired its Education Committee and also sat on the Appropriations Committee toward the end of his second term. [37] Before his term ended he worked on a bill expanding statewide education funding and getting Georgia Southwestern a four-year program. [38] The last day of the term, he announced his run for the United States House of Representatives. [39]

At first, Carter ran for the Georgia's 3rd congressional district in 1966 against Bo Callaway. [35] However, Callaway dropped out and decided to run for Governor of Georgia instead. [35] Callaway had just switched from the Democratic Party to the Republican Party in 1964. [40] Carter later decided to run for governor himself. [35] In the Democratic primary, he unsuccessfully ran against the liberal former governor Ellis Arnall and the conservative segregationist Lester Maddox. [41]

Governor Maddox was not allowed to run for a second consecutive term as governor in 1970. [42] Former governor Carl Sanders became Carter's main opponent in the 1970 Democratic primary. [43] Carter leaned more conservative than before during this primary election. [44]

That September, Carter led Sanders in the first ballot by 49% to 38%, leading to a second round. [45] Carter won the Democratic nomination with 59% of the vote compared to Sanders's 40%. [46] In the general election, Carter was beat Republican Hal Suit winning 59% of the vote against Suit's 40%. [47]

Carter became the 76th Governor of Georgia on January 12, 1971. [48] In his inaugural speech, he said that "the time of racial discrimination is over. . No poor, rural, weak, or black person should ever have to bear the additional burden of being deprived of the opportunity for an education, a job or simple justice". [48] Time ran a story on the progressive "New South" governors elected that year in a May 1971 issue. [49] The cover of the magazine had an illustration of Carter. [49]

Lester Maddox, who Carter replaced as governor, became lieutenant governor. [48] Richard Russell Jr., then President pro tempore of the United States Senate, died in office during Carter's second week in office. [50] Carter appointed David H. Gambrell, state Democratic Party chair, to replace Russell's in the Senate. [50]

Carter wanted to expand the governor's authority while making the state government easier to run. [51] He supported a bill allowing him to propose executive restructuring and to force a vote on it. [51] [52] The plan was submitted in January 1972, but had a negative reception in the legislature. [51] But after two weeks of negotiations, it was passed. [51] He merged about 300 state agencies into 22 agencies. [53]

In an April 1971 televised appearance, Carter was asked if he was in favor of a requirement that candidates for Governor and Lieutenant Governor of Georgia would have to run on the same ticket. [54] He replied, "I've never really thought we needed a lieutenant governor in Georgia. The lieutenant governor is part of the executive branch of government and I've always felt—ever since I was in the state Senate—that the executive branches should be separate". [54] In July 1971, during an appearance in Columbus, Georgia, Carter announced his plans to create a Georgia Human Rights Council that would work toward solving issues in the state ahead of any potential violence. [55]

In January 1972, Carter wanted the state legislature to give funding for an Early Childhood Development Program along with prison reform programs and 48 million in pay taxes for nearly all state employees. [56] In April 1972, Carter traveled to Latin and South America for a possible trade deal with Georgia. [57] Carter said that he had met with Brazilian President Emílio Garrastazu Médici. [57] Many compared him to President Kennedy. [57]

Carter increased the number of black state employees, judges, and board members. [58] He placed portraits of Martin Luther King Jr. in the capitol building, even as the Ku Klux Klan protested the ceremony. [59] During a televised appearance with Governor of Florida Reubin Askew in January 1973, Carter said he supported a constitutional amendment to ban busing to make the process of desegregation in schools faster. [60] He co-sponsored an anti-busing resolution with George Wallace at the 1971 National Governors Conference. [61] which Carter also hosted. [62] Carter signed a new death penalty law after the United States Supreme Court rejected it. [63] Carter later regretted supporting the death penalty, saying, "I didn't see the injustice of it as I do now". [63]

Carter wanted reforms through the legislature that would give equal state aid to schools in the wealthy and poor areas of Georgia. [64] He helped create centers for mentally handicapped children and education programs for convicts. [65] [66] He also wrote a program that made appointing federal judges based on their experience rather than political party. [67] [68]

In a controversial decision, [69] he vetoed a plan to build a dam on Georgia's Flint River. [70] He argued that the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers was not giving the right numbers on the project's cost and its impact on the region. [70] The veto became popular with environmentalists nationwide. [70]

Carter was not allowed to run for re-election because of term limits. [71] Looking toward a possible presidential run, Carter became involved in national politics and public appearances. [72] He was a delegate to the 1972 Democratic National Convention, where Carter hoped he would be George McGovern's running mate. [72] He supported Senator Henry "Scoop" Jackson, to distance himself from George Wallace. [73] [74]

In May 1973, Carter warned the Democratic Party to not make the Watergate scandal a political issue. [75]

Democratic primary Edit

On December 12, 1974, Carter announced his candidacy for President of the United States at National Press Club in Washington, D.C. [76] He talked about inequality, optimism, and change. [77] [78]

When Carter entered the Democratic Party presidential primaries, he was considered to have little chance against better-known politicians. [79] However, by mid-March 1976 Carter was not only polling ahead of the active candidates for the Democratic presidential nomination, he also led President Ford by a few percentage points. [79] Carter published Why Not the Best? in June 1976 to help introduce himself to the American public. [80]

Carter became the front-runner early on by winning the Iowa caucuses and the New Hampshire primary. [79] He used a two-prong strategy: in the South, Carter ran as a moderate and inthe North, Carter was a favorite to conservative Christian and rural voters. [81] He had traveled over 50,000 miles (80,000 kilometers), visited 37 states, and delivered over 200 speeches before any other candidate entered the race. [82] Carter ended up winning 30 states, with a total of 6,235,609 (39.2%) of the popular vote. [83] He was formally nominated as the presidential Democratic nominee at the national convention, with U.S. Senator Walter Mondale from Minnesota as his running mate. [84]

During his presidential campaign in April 1976, Carter responded to an interviewer and said, "I have nothing against a community that is . trying to maintain the ethnic purity of their neighborhoods". [85] His remark was to show support of open-housing laws. [85]

Carter's stated positions during his campaign include public financing of congressional campaigns, [86] his support for the creation of a federal consumer protection agency, [87] creating a separate department for education, [88] signing a peace treaty with the Soviet Union against the usage of nuclear weapon, [89] reducing the defense budget, [90] increasing taxes for the rich and lowering them for the middle class, [91] making multiple amendments to the Social Security Act, [92] and having a balanced budget by the end of his term. [93]

1976 general election Edit

Carter and President Gerald Ford were in three televised debates during the 1976 election. [94] The debates were the first presidential debates since 1960. [94] [95]

Carter was interviewed by Robert Scheer of Playboy for the November 1976 issue, which hit the newsstands a couple of weeks before the election. [96] While discussing his religion's view of pride, Carter said: "I've looked on a lot of women with lust. I've committed adultery in my heart many times". [96] [97] He also said in another interview that he did not mind if people said the word "fuck". [98] This led to a media to criticize the idea if politicians should be separated from their political campaigns and their private intimate lives. [98]

Carter began the race with a lead over Ford, who narrowed the gap during the campaign, but lost to Carter in by a small margin on November 2, 1976. [99] Carter won the popular vote by 50.1 percent to 48.0 percent for Ford, and received 297 electoral votes to Ford's 240. [100] Carter won fewer states than Ford, with Carter winning 23 states compared to Ford winning 27. [100]

Carter was inaugurated as president on January 20, 1977. [3]

Domestic policies Edit

Energy crisis Edit

On April 18, 1977, Carter delivered a televised speech declaring that the U.S. energy crisis during the 1970s was like war. He supported energy conservation by all Americans and added solar water heating panels on the White House. [101] [102] He wore sweaters because he turned down the heat in the White House. [103] On August 4, 1977, Carter signed the Department of Energy Organization Act of 1977, forming the Department of Energy, the first new cabinet position in eleven years. [104] During the signing ceremony, Carter said the current "crisis of energy shortages" made him create the Department of Energy. [105] At the start of a September 1977 news conference, Carter said that the House of Representatives had "adopted almost all" of the energy proposal. [106] The following month, on October 13, Carter stated he believed in the Senate's ability to pass the energy reform bill and said that "the most important domestic issue that we will face while I am in office" was the energy criss. [107]

On January 12, 1978, during a press conference, Carter said the discussions about his energy reform proposal were not being made and that Congress was not being respectful. [108] In an April 11, 1978 news conference, Carter said his biggest surprise "in the nature of a disappointment" since becoming president was the difficulty Congress had in passing legislation for an energy reform bill. [109]

On March 1, 1979, Carter proposed a standby gasoline rationing plan at the request of Congress. [110] On April 5, he delivered an address in which he stressed the importance of energy conservation. [111] During an April 30 news conference, Carter said it was important that the House commerce committee approve the standby gasoline rationing plan and called on Congress to pass the several other standby energy conservation plans he had proposed. [112] On July 15, 1979, Carter delivered a nationally televised address in which he said the crisis was a "crisis of confidence" among the American people. [113] [114] The address had negative reaction from Americans. [113] memorable for mixed reactions [115] [116] [117] People criticized Carter for not doing enough to solve the crisis as they believed he was depending too much on Americans. [118]

EPA Love Canal Superfund Edit

In 1978, Carter declared a federal emergency in the neighborhood of Love Canal in the city of Niagara Falls, New York. [119] During the 1940s, the canal was used as the site to dump 21,800 short tons of chemical products from dyes, perfumes, and solvents for rubber and synthetic resins. [120] More than 800 families were evacuated from the neighborhood, which was built on top of a toxic waste landfill. [119] The Superfund law was created in response to the situation. [121] Carter said that several more "Love Canals" existed across the country, and that discovering such hazardous dumpsites was "one of the grimmest discoveries of our modern era". [122]

In 1979, the Environmental Protection Agency announced that residents near the Love Canal accident showed high white blood cell counts, which may cause leukemia. [123] [124] [125]

Economy Edit

Carter's presidency had an economic history of two periods: the first two years being a time of continuing recovery from the severe 1973–75 recession [126] and the last two years marked by double-digit inflation, with very high interest rates, oil shortages, and slow economic growth. [127] 1977 and 1978 saw the creation of millions of new jobs, [128] in part as a result of the $30 billion economic stimulus legislation. [129]

The 1979 energy crisis ended this period of growth, however, and as both inflation and interest rates rose, economic growth, job creation, and consumer confidence quickly went down. [130] The sudden shortage of gasoline as the 1979 summer vacation season began to increase the problem. [131]

Carter signed the Airline Deregulation Act into law on October 24, 1978. [132] The main purpose of the act was to remove government control over fares, routes and market entry (of new airlines) from commercial aviation. [132] The Civil Aeronautics Board's powers of regulation were removed. [132] The Act did not remove the FAA's regulatory powers over all aspects of airline safety. [133]

In 1979, Carter deregulated the American beer industry by making it legal to sell malt, hops, and yeast to American home brewers for the first time since the beginning of Prohibition in the United States. [134] This Carter deregulation led to an increase in home brewing over the 1980s and 1990s that by the 2000s. [135]

Healthcare Edit

During his presidential campaign, Carter wanted healthcare reform. [136]

Carter's proposals on healthcare while in office included an April 1977 mandatory health care cost proposal, [137] and a June 1979 proposal that provided private health insurance coverage. [138] Carter saw the June 1979 proposal as a continued progress in American health coverage made by President Harry Truman and Medicare and Medicaid being introduced under President Lyndon B. Johnson. [139] [140] The April 1977 mandatory health care cost proposal was passed in the Senate, [141] and later was not approved in the House. [142]

During 1978, Carter also had meetings with Kennedy for a healthcare law that proved unsuccessful. [143] Carter would later say Kennedy's disagreements as having ruined Carter's efforts to provide a health-care system for the country. [144]

Education Edit

Early into his term, Carter worked with Congress to create an education department. In a February 28, 1978 address at the White House, Carter argued, "Education is far too important a matter to be scattered piecemeal among various Government departments and agencies, which are often busy with sometimes dominant concerns". [145] On February 8, 1979, the Carter administration released an outline of its plan to create an education department. [146] On October 17, 1979, Carter formally signed a law that created the United States Department of Education. [147]

Carter expanded the Head Start program with the addition of 43,000 children and families. [148] In a November 1, 1980 speech, Carter said his administration had extended Head Start to migrant children and was "working hard right now with Senator Lloyd Bentsen and with Representative Kika de la Garza to make as much as $45 million available in Federal money in the border districts to help with the increase in school construction for the number of Mexican school children who reside here legally". [149]

Foreign policies Edit

Peace treaties Edit

In September 1977, Carter and General Omar Torrijos signed the Panama Canal Treaty. [150] The treaties guaranteed that Panama would gain control of the Panama Canal after 1999, ending the control of the canal that the United States had since 1903. [150] The second treaty said that Panama would assume full control of canal operations and become responsible for its defense. [150] The treaty was criticized by conservative. [150]

In September 1978, Carter formed several political agreements betweem Egyptian President Anwar Sadat and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin at Camp David. [151] The two framework agreements were signed at the White House and were witnessed by Carter. The second of these frameworks (A Framework for the Conclusion of a Peace Treaty between Egypt and Israel) led directly to the 1979 Egypt–Israel Peace Treaty.

Historian Jørgen Jensehaugen argued that by the time Carter left office in January 1981, he:

was in an odd position—he had attempted to break with traditional US policy but ended up fulfilling the goals of that tradition, which had been to break up the Arab alliance, side-line the Palestinians, build an alliance with Egypt, weaken the Soviet Union and secure Israel. [152]

Africa Edit

In an October 4, 1977 address to African officials at the United Nations, Carter stated the United States's interest to "see a strong and prosperous Africa with as much of the control of government as possible in the hands of the residents of your countries". [153] At a news conference later that month, Carter outlined the United States wanting "to work with South Africa in dealing with the threats to peace in Namibia and in Zimbabwe" and to end racial issues such as apartheid. [154]

Carter visited Nigeria from March 31 to April 3, 1978, the trip being an attempt by the Carter administration to fix relations with the country. [155] He was the first U.S. president to visit Nigeria. [156] Carter wanted to create peace in Rhodesia. [157]

On May 16, 1979, the Senate voted in favor of President Carter lifting economic sanctions against Rhodesia, the vote being seen by both Rhodesia and South Africa "as a potentially fatal blow to the diplomacy that the United States and Britain have pursued in the region for three years and to the effort to reach a compromise between the Salisbury leaders and the guerrillas". [158]

Iran hostage crisis Edit

On November 15, 1977, Carter said that his administration would continue positive relations between the United States and Iran, calling the country "strong, stable and progressive". [159]

On November 4, 1979, a group of Iranian students took over the United States Embassy in Tehran. The students were in support of the Iranian Revolution. [160] Fifty-two American diplomats and citizens were held hostage for the next 444 days until they were finally freed immediately after Ronald Reagan replaced Carter as President on January 20, 1981. During the crisis, Carter never left the White House for more than 100 days. [161] A month into the affair, Carter stated his plans to resolving the dispute without "any military action that would cause bloodshed". [162] On April 7, 1980, Carter issued Executive Order 12205, adding economic sanctions against Iran [163] and announced more measures by members of his cabinet and the American government that he saw necessary to make sure a safe release. [164] [165] On April 24, 1980, Carter ordered Operation Eagle Claw to try to free the hostages. The mission failed, leaving eight American servicemen dead and causing the destruction of two aircraft. [166] [167]

Soviet Union Edit

On February 8, 1977, Carter stated he had wanted the Soviet Union to work with the United States in forming "a comprehensive ban to stop all nuclear testing" and that he was in support of the Soviet Union ceasing deployment of the RSD-10 Pioneer. [168] During a June 13 conference, Carter reported that the United States would "beginning this week to work closely with the Soviet Union" and would negotiate demilitarization of the Indian Ocean with the Soviet Union beginning the following week. [169] At a news conference on December 30, Carter said that the United States and the Soviet Union have made great progress in dealing with a long list of important issues. [170] The talk of a comprehensive test ban treaty led to the signing of the Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty II by Carter and Leonid Brezhnev on June 18, 1979. [171] [172]

Communists under the leadership of Nur Muhammad Taraki seized power in Afghanistan on April 27, 1978. [173] Following an uprising in April 1979, Taraki was removed by Khalq rival Hafizullah Amin in September. [174] By December, Amin's government had lost control of much of the country, causing the Soviet Union to invade Afghanistan. [173] Carter was surprised by the invasion. [175] In the West, the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan was seen as a threat to global security. In the aftermath of the invasion, Carter saw the Soviet Union as dangerous. In a televised speech, he announced sanctions on the Soviet Union. [176] [177] He created an embargo on grain shipments to the Soviet Union. [178] [179] Carter also called for a boycott of the 1980 Summer Olympics in Moscow. [180] British prime minister Margaret Thatcher supported Carter's tough stance. In early 1980, Carter created a program to arm the mujahideen. The Soviets were unable to fight off the insurgency and withdrew from Afghanistan in 1989.

South Korea Edit

During a March 9, 1977 news conference, Carter supported his interest in having a withdrawal of American troops from South Korea and stated he wanted South Korea to eventually have "adequate ground forces owned by and controlled by the South Korean Government to protect themselves against any intrusion from North Korea". [181] Carter's withdrawal of troops was criticized by top military officials. [182] On May 26, during a news conference, Carter said he believed South Korea would be able to defend themselves despite the lower number of American troops in the event of conflict. [183] From June 30 to July 1, 1979, Carter held meetings with President of South Korea Park Chung-hee at the Blue House. [184]

1980 presidential election Edit

Democratic primary challenge Edit

Carter said that the liberal wing of the Democratic Party did not support his policies the most. [185] He said they were caused by Ted Kennedy's plan to replace him as president. [185] Kennedy announced his candidacy in November 1979. [186] [187] [188] Kennedy surprised his supporters by running a weak campaign, and Carter won most of the primaries and won renomination. However, Kennedy gave Carter weak support from the Liberal Democrats in the fall election. [189] Carter and Vice President Walter Mondale were formally nominated at the Democratic National Convention in New York City. [190]

General election Edit

Carter's campaign for re-election in 1980 was one of the most difficult. He faced strong challenges from the right (Republican Ronald Reagan), the center (independent John B. Anderson), and the left (Democrat Ted Kennedy). His campaign manager and former appointments secretary, Timothy Kraft, stepped down some five weeks before the general election because of an allegation of cocaine use. [191] On October 28, Carter and Reagan participated in the only presidential debate of the election cycle. [192] Though initially losing to Carter by several points, [193] Reagan had a surge in polling following the debate. [194]

Carter lost his re-election bid to Ronald Reagan in a landslide victory. [195] Reagan won 489 of the electoral votes and Carter won 49. In the aftermath of the election, Carter said that he was hurt by the outcome of the election. [196]

Shortly after losing his re-election bid, Carter told the White House press corps that he wanted his retirement to be similar than that of Harry S. Truman and not use his public life to make himself rich. [197] In October 1986, his presidential library was opened in Atlanta, Georgia. [198]

Carter built homes in the aftermath of Hurricane Sandy, [199] and partnered with former presidents to work with One America Appeal to help the victims of Hurricane Harvey and Hurricane Irma in the Gulf Coast and Texas communities. [200]

Carter attended the dedication of his presidential library [198] and those of Presidents Ronald Reagan, [201] George H. W. Bush, [202] Bill Clinton, [203] [204] and George W. Bush. [205] He delivered eulogies at the funerals of Coretta Scott King [206] Gerald Ford, [207] [208] Theodore Hesburgh, [209] and John Lewis. [210] He has attended the state funeral of every former president since he left office: Nixon in 1994, Reagan in 2004, Ford in 2006 and Bush Sr. in 2018. [211] [208] [212] When going to the inauguration of Donald Trump in 2017, he became the oldest former president to go to one. [213]

In 1982, Carter founded the Carter Center, [214] a non-governmental and non-profit organization with the purpose of spreading human rights and end human suffering. [215] He wanted to help improve the quality of life for people in more than 80 countries. [216]

Diplomacy Edit

In 1994, President Bill Clinton wanted Carter's help in a North Korea peace mission. [217] [218] Carter negotiated an understanding with Kim Il-sung, with whom he went on to outline a treaty. [219] Carter traveled to North Korea to help the release of Aijalon Gomes in August 2010, successfully negotiating his release. [220] [221] In 2017, Carter said that he had offered himself to the Trump administration as a diplomatic envoy to North Korea to help create a peace treaty. [222]

In October 1984, Carter was named an honorary citizen of Peru. [223] Carter supported the country's elections in 2001, [224] and offering support to the Peruvian government following a meeting with President of Peru Alan García in April 2009. [225]

In his February 1986 talks with Tomás Borge, Carter helped push for the release of journalist Luis Mora and labor leader Jose Altamirano, [226] while touring Nicaragua for three days. [227]

Carter held a tour of Cuba in May 2002 that included meeting with Fidel Castro [228] Carter toured Cuba again for three days in March 2011. [229]

Carter's diplomatic efforts in the Middle East included a September 1981 meeting with Prime Minister of Israel Menachem Begin, [230] a March 1983 tour of Egypt that included meeting with members of the Palestine Liberation Organization, [231] and a December 2008 meeting with Syrian President Bashar al-Assad. [232] [233]

Carter traveled to Syria in April 2008, [234] laying a wreath at the grave of Yasser Arafat in Ramallah [235] and denying he had been contacted by the Bush administration in relation to meeting with Hamas leaders. [236]

In July 2007, Carter joined Nelson Mandela in Johannesburg, South Africa, to announce his participation in The Elders, a group of independent global leaders who work together on peace and human rights issues. [237] [238] Carter wanted to travel to Zimbabwe to promote human rights in November 2008, but was stopped by President Robert Mugabe's government. [239]

Carter held summits in Egypt and Tunisia in 1995–1996 to talk about violence in the Great Lakes region of Africa, [240] and played a key role in negotiation of the Nairobi Agreement in 1999 between Sudan and Uganda. [241]

Presidential politics Edit

During the presidency of George W. Bush, Carter stated his opposition to the Iraq War, [242] and what he called an attempt on the part of Bush and Tony Blair to remove Saddam Hussein through the usage of "lies and misinterpretations". [243] In May 2007, Carter stated the Bush administration "has been the worst in history" in terms of its impact in foreign affairs, [244] Carter criticized the Bush administration's handling of Hurricane Katrina. [245]

Though he supported President Barack Obama in the early part of his tenure, [246] Carter criticized his use of drone strikes against suspected terrorists, Obama's choice to keep Guantanamo Bay detention camp open, [247] and the current federal surveillance programs. [248] [249]

In July 2016, Carter announced his support of former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton's presidential nomination during the 2016 Democratic National Convention. [250] Carter said that the impact of the 2016 election would "define the US for a generation". [250] He originally supported Vermont U.S. Senator Bernie Sanders and voted for him during the primaries in 2016. [251]

During the Donald Trump presidency, Carter supported immigration reform through Congress, [252] and criticized Trump for his handling of the national anthem protests. [253]

In September 2019, Carter said he would support an "age-limit" for presidential candidates. [251]

In August 2020, he supported former Vice President Joe Biden for president during a video played at the 2020 Democratic National Convention. [254]

Carter and Rosalynn Smith were married on July 7, 1946 in the Plains Methodist Church, the church of Rosalynn's family. [255] They have three sons, one daughter, eight grandsons, three granddaughters, and two great-grandsons. [256] [257]

Carter and his wife Rosalynn are well known for their work as volunteers with Habitat for Humanity. [258]

Carter's hobbies include painting, [259] fly-fishing, woodworking, cycling, tennis, and skiing. [260] He also has an interest in poetry. [261]

Carter was also a personal friend of Elvis Presley. [262] Carter and his wife, Rosalynn, met him on June 30, 1973, before Presley was to perform onstage in Atlanta. [262] The day after Presley's death, Carter issued a statement and explained how he had "changed the face of American popular culture". [263]

In 2000, Carter ended his membership with the Southern Baptist Convention, saying the group's ideas did not support with his Christian beliefs.

Carter became the oldest to ever attend a presidential inauguration in 2017, at age 92, and the first to live to the 40th anniversary of their own. [264] [265] Two years later, on March 22, 2019, he became the nation's longest-lived president. [266] On October 1, 2019, Carter became the first U.S. president to live to the age of 95. [267]

Health Edit

On August 3, 2015, Carter had surgery to remove "a small mass" on his liver. On August 12, however, Carter announced he had been diagnosed with cancer that had metastasized. [268] On August 20, he said that melanoma had been found in his brain and liver. [269] On December 6, 2015, Carter said that his medical scans no longer showed any cancer. [270]

On May 13, 2019, Carter broke his hip at his Plains home and had surgery in Americus, Georgia. [271] On October 6, 2019, Carter got 14 stitches above his left eyebrow after injuring it during another fall at home. [272] On October 21, 2019, Carter was hospitalized after having a minor pelvic fracture after falling again at home. [273] On November 11, 2019, Carter was hospitalized at the Emory University Hospital in Atlanta to relieve pressure on his brain. [274] The surgery was successful, and Carter was released from the hospital on November 27. [275] [276]

In February 2021, it was announced that Carter and his wife both received their doses of the COVID-19 vaccine. [277]

Carter's presidency was at first seen as a failure as in historical rankings of U.S. presidents, the it is ranked from midway to lower bottom. [278] [279] [280] Although his presidency had some negative criticism, his peace works and humanitarian efforts since he left office have made Carter one of the most successful former presidents in American history. [281] [282]

His presidential approval rating was just 31 percent before the 1980 election, but 64 percent approved of his performance as president in a 2009 poll. [283] The Independent wrote, "Carter is widely considered a better man than he was a president." [284]

Carter has had many awards since his presidency. In 1998, the U.S. Navy named the third and last Seawolf-class submarine honoring former President Carter and his service as a submariner officer. [285] That year he also received the United Nations Human Rights Prize, given in honor of human rights achievements, [286] and the Hoover Medal. [287] He won the 2002 Nobel Peace Prize. [288]

Carter has been nominated nine times for the Grammy Award for Best Spoken Word Album for audio recordings of his books, and has won three times in 2007, 2016 and 2019. [289] [290] [291] [292]

The Souther Field Airport in Americus, Georgia was renamed Jimmy Carter Regional Airport in 2009. [293]

2009 September 17

In 1972, Carter promised – then broke his promise – to the newly crippled Wallace to nominate or second him at the Democratic National Convention in Miami, jumping at the opportunity to give the nomination speech for Henry “Scoop” Jackson (and the national exposure that would bring see Obama, Barack).

According to his son, Jack Carter, the man from Plains had his surrogates lobby aggressively to become ultra-leftist George McGovern’s vice president. By 1976, “Jimmy Who” had traded his “redneck” status for a pose as the “Born Again” exemplar of the New South. (His religiosity poll-tested well. He actually won more Southern Baptist votes than Ronald Reagan in 1980.)

Since the country’s near-unanimous repudiation of his presidency, Carter has lashed out at evangelical Christians, conservatives, the late Pope John Paul II, “Neoconservatives,” and anyone else who — well, everyone who isn’t a Southern “progressive” Baptist who admires Liberation Theology. In his 2005 book, Our Endangered Values, he described “fundamentalists” as people who believe “they are right and that anyone who contradicts them is ignorant and possibly evil.” They tend “to demagogue emotional issues.” Moreover, “They are often angry and sometimes resort to verbal or even physical abuse against those who interfere with the implementation of their agenda.”

That sounds very much like the Obama administration’s race-baiting surrogates, including Jimmy Carter, who was willing to stoke those fires when it worked to his advantage.

In his tome, Carter blames all the world’s ills on the rise of “fundamentalism.” Appearing on CNBC’s “Tim Russert Show” on Saturday, November 5, Carter reminisced that he saw such fundamentalism “when the Ayatollah Khomeini rejected any kind of reasonable interpretation of the Koran and took American hostages” – and now it’s spreading among Christian conservatives. Carter defines fundamentalists as “authoritarian males who consider themselves to be superior to others” and “have an overwhelming commitment to subjugate women.” They believe “they are right and that anyone who contradicts them is ignorant and possibly evil…They are often angry and sometimes resort to verbal or even physical abuse against those who interfere with the implementation of their agenda.” They tend “to demagogue emotional issues” and view “efforts to resolve differences as signs of weakness.” [1] When challenged whether he actually meant Christians were little Ayatollahs, Carter affirmed, “all of those things are compatible [with Christian fundamentalism], yes.” He explained to Russert that the sway of fundamentalism in the South derives “from more ancient times, 30, 40, 50 years ago,” – ancient? – “from racism, when whites dominated blacks.”

The man from Plains makes clear in his book that “fundamentalists” aren’t merely knuckle-dragging yokels who believe in a flat earth: “neocons” are also “fundamentalists” [2] Opponents of the Kyoto Treaty are “fundamentalists.” [3] Even justifying violence against judges is attributable to fundamentalist “intimidation of the judiciary.” [4] Thus, Jimmy Carter continues his long history of insufferable, grating moralizing demonizing his opponents and rewriting the history of his failed presidency.

Carter slanders his own country with the relish of a banished head of state, claiming after 9/11, “the U.S. government overreacted by detaining more than twelve hundred innocent men.” [5] The neocons “decided to violate” the Geneva Conventions, because they consider enemy combatants “subhuman.” [6] Carter intimates America tortures children, based on erroneous statements of Amnesty International and the International Committee of the Red Cross , lying, “It has been confirmed by U.S. officials that many have been physically abused.” [7] On the contrary, in July Lt. Gen. Randall “Mark” Schmidt and Brig. Gen. John Furlow testified before the Senated Armed Services Committee that “No torture occurred” at Gitmo. However, the 20 th hijacker did suffer the indignity of wearing a thong and bra on his head, and having his sister and mother called whores. (Maybe they, too, had lust in their hearts.) Furthermore, the overblown pranks at Abu Ghraib were investigated by the armed forces themselves, before media exposure. Yet Carter insisted on a softball episode of “Hardball” with his former speechwriter, Chris Matthews, that American troops “continue to torture prisoners around the world in secret prisons.”

Turning to Iraq, he claims Bush administration officials made “false and distorted claims after 9/11, they misled the U.S. Congress and the American public into believing that Saddam Hussein had somehow been responsible for the dastardly attack.” [8] He charges Dick Cheney with “repeatedly making false statements, such as, ‘Instead of losing thousands of lives, we might lose tens of thousands or even hundreds of thousands of lives in a single day of war.’” [9] Despite the fact that his statement is self-evidently true, Carter told Russert this was a fib because, “The Vice President, Cheney, and others – Paul Wolfowitz and others I need not name – long before George W. Bush was elected president, were determined to go to war with Iraq,” a canard he repeats in his book. [10] Our pre-emptive war strategy, he writes, troubled Israel (!). Besides, “policies based upon violence always result in a cycle of escalated violence.” [11]

In tortured prose that defies logic, Carter writes, “there are two basic facts to be remembered: the war was unjust and unnecessary, and our armed forces in Iraq deserve extraordinary gratitude and admiration for their special courage and effectiveness.”

Carter demonstrates he has the same grasp on the War on Terror as he did the Cold War as he pens the only sentence in the book that is underlined: “The fact is that, unlike during other times of national threat or crisis, the United States of America is not at war .” [12]

In the last chapter, he lays all his cards on the table: “[T]he greatest challenge we face [in this millennium] is the growing chasm between the rich and poor people on earth.” Among his solutions: “getting to know the poor.” [13] You may think America is compassionate and philanthropic , but “we are, in fact, the stingiest of all industrialized nations.” [14] This, to him, presents a far more troubling problem than a cadre of thugs dedicated to imposing a medieval religio-political philosophy upon the entire world, while spilling as much American, Western, and “infidel” blood as possible.

The former president is hardly alone. During Carter’s book tour, Al Gore (who backed Carter’s 1994 trip to North Korea) told Australian newspaper The Age, “I don't want to diminish the threat of terrorism at all. but on a long-term global basis, global warming is the most serious problem we are facing.” The trouble is not that we are not at war the trouble is James Earl Carter Jr., Albert Gore Jr., and the American Left have been AWOL from it, as they were during the Cold War. This means the War on Terror, like the waning days of the Cold War, will have to be won without their help – indeed, with their virulent resistance.

When asked by Russert how to respond to Iraq , the apostle of racial tolerance said in effect, “Let Ay-rabs kill Ay-rabs.” Carter replied, “I think a preemptory or immediate withdrawal from Iraq would be a mistake.” However, if we’d promise to eventually pull out of Iraq (um, we have), and “share” oil revenues, “I believe the violence in Iraq would immediately drop off.” When Russert, with uncharacteristic gentleness, pointed out there would be still be an “insurgency” in Iraq , Carter shrugged, “Yes, but the insurgency then would be against their own fellow citizens. It wouldn’t be against people who support America in Iraq , and against Americans.”

Proffering solutions would interfere with his book’s purpose: blaming all the world’s troubles (fundamentally) on George W. Bush. North Korea has built nuclear weapons, because Bush branded them the “Axis of Evil.” [15] China , too, reacted to Bush’s repeal of the “no first use” nuclear policy (although China threatened to nuke Los Angeles during the Clinton administration). [16] John Bolton “announced falsely that Cuba ’s pharmaceutical industry was involved in the production of biological weapons of mass destruction” hence, Bush’s policies have led to “a predictable and commensurate crackdown on protesting voices in Cuba .” [17] Bush’s muted praise for missile defense is hypocritical and will trigger a new arms race. [18] He claims letting a gun control measure lapse made Uzis and AK-47s legal, although it certainly did not. [19] In crime, he laments, “our nation’s almost total focus is on punishment, not rehabilitation. This is a characteristic of fundamentalism.” [20]

America is not alone in its “fundamentalism.” Israel also “entices leaders in neighboring Iran , Syria , Egypt , and other Arab nations to join the nuclear weapon community.” [21]

Although nearly all media coverage has focused on one-half of chapter eight – in which Carter allegedly makes the stunning revelation (for a leftist) that the Democrats are too closely associated with unrestricted abortion – he never writes anything of the sort, instead spending the seven pages of his book putatively dedicated to “abortion” by advancing government welfare programs, contraceptive sex education, U.S. funding of international “family planning,” and embryonic stem cell research, [22] all the while claiming pro-life voters “do not extend their concern to the baby who is born.” [23] In his rambling diatribe, Carter disconnectedly weaves from topic-to-topic, in the process endorsing the International Criminal Court , the Kyoto Protocol , the International Covenant on the Rights of the Child, the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty, the ABM Treaty, the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty, the IAEA, and Mutually Assured Destruction.

All this from the man who allowed Russians to invade Afghanistan , Islamists to overthrow the Shah and hold Americans hostage for more than a year, attempted to prevent Operation Desert Storm, and hit the snooze alarm on dealing with North Korea ’s nuclear program until it was too late.

Carter’s antagonists aren’t just Bush, neocons, and Israeli Jews. Naturally, Christian leaders get taken to the woodshed, as well. Carter recounts how he harangued Pope John Paul II, who so effectively rallied Eastern Europe against Communism that even Jimmy Carter couldn’t stop him. Carter writes, “I disagreed with him on his perpetuation of the subservience of women.” Misogyny should be a tough charge to hang on a man who spent his pontificate celebrating Mother Theresa and contemplating the glories of an ancient Jewish woman in the Rosary. Carter continues, “there was more harshness when we turned to the subject of ‘liberation theology.’” [24] “Liberation theology” is Marxism with a Christian veneer, and the late pontiff strongly condemned it. His successor, Benedict XVI, has written this heresy “ constitutes a fundamental threat to the faith of the Church. ” As one critic notes, “ In traditional Christianity, the ennobling of human nature takes place because of Christ's Incarnation in Marxism, the State takes His place. ” Carter’s approval may stem from his love of theologian Reinhold Niebuhr, a spokesman for “religious socialism” who later founded Americans for Democratic Action. Carter writes Jesus came to “bring good news to the poor,” but as president he reached “a surprising and somewhat reluctant conclusion…government officeholders and not church members were more likely to assume responsibility and be able to fulfill the benevolent missions.” [25] Forget that this is a complete blurring of the roles of Church and State, which he allegedly opposes. In Carter’s conception, the State replaces the Church the State takes over the functions of God. Such an admission can’t come as much of a shock from a man who also admires anti-Christian Communist poet Langston Hughes.

It’s not just Roman Catholics: Carter claims he left the conservative Southern Baptist Convention because it, in effect, replaced Jesus Christ by adopting a statement of faith and imposing it with a “strictness” that “has exceeded that in Roman Catholicism.” [26] Baptist statements of faith are hardly new one was passed in 1963 , when Jimmuh was a faithful little deacon.

Worse, Southern Baptists also “keep women in their place,” and this, Carter charges, is responsible for…female genital mutilation! “Women are greatly abused in many countries in the world, and the alleviation of their plight is made less likely by the mandated subservience of women by Christian fundamentalists.” [27] Refuse to elect a female pope, or maintain traditional sexual roles, and you might as well cut off an infant’s labia.

Carter’s entire book is one long slander of his perceived enemies, religious and secular, effected by casting them as backwoods morons guilty of the most lurid crimes imaginable, the worst being incorrigibly refusing to listen to their betters. It is, in other words, the Left’s typical reaction to conservatives, people of faith, and average Americans generally. If you want to read a book that actually has a grasp of American values, read Zell Miller’s A Deficit of Decency . Buy Our Endangered Values only if you wish to read the venomous ravings of a bitter, discredited man with a Messianic complex lashing out at the mainstream of the country he failed.

Later this week Ben Johnson will discuss the (many) ways Jimmy Carter whitewashes his presidential failures in his new book – and how he continued to undermine his successors fight for freedom.

Watch the video: The Jimmy Carter Song